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A spell is a one-time magical effect. Spells come in two types: arcane
(cast by bards, sorcerers, and wizards) and divine (cast by clerics, druids, and
experienced paladins and rangers). Some spellcasters select their spells from a
limited list of spells known, while others have access to a wide variety of
Most spellcasters prepare their spells in advance—whether from
a spellbook or through devout prayers and meditation— while some cast
spells spontaneously without preparation.
Despite these different ways that
characters use to learn or prepare their spells, when it comes to casting them,
the spells are very much alike.
Cutting across the categories of arcane and
divine spells are the eight schools of magic. These schools represent the
different ways that spells take effect.
Whether a spell is arcane or divine, and whether a character
prepares spells in advance or chooses them on the spot, casting a spell works
the same way.
CHOOSING A SPELL
First you must choose which spell to
cast. If you’re a cleric, druid, experienced paladin, experienced ranger,
or wizard, you select from among spells prepared earlier in the day and not yet
cast (see Preparing Wizard Spells and Preparing Divine Spells).
you’re a bard or sorcerer, you can select any spell you know, provided you
are capable of casting spells of that level or higher.
To cast a spell, you
must be able to speak (if the spell has a verbal component), gesture (if it has
a somatic component), and manipulate the material components or focus (if any).
Additionally, you must concentrate to cast a spell.
If a spell has multiple
versions, you choose which version to use when you cast it. You don’t have
to prepare (or learn, in the case of a bard or sorcerer) a specific version of
Once you’ve cast a prepared spell, you can’t cast it
again until you prepare it again. (If you’ve prepared multiple copies of a
single spell, you can cast each copy once.) If you’re a bard or sorcerer,
casting a spell counts against your daily limit for spells of that spell level,
but you can cast the same spell again if you haven’t reached your
To cast a spell, you must concentrate. If
something interrupts your concentration while you’re casting, you must
make a Concentration check or lose the spell. The more distracting the
interruption and the higher the level of the spell you are trying to cast, the
higher the DC is. If you fail the check, you lose the spell just as if you had
cast it to no effect.
Injury: If while trying to cast a spell you take
damage, you must make a Concentration check (DC 10 + points of damage taken +
the level of the spell you’re casting). If you fail the check, you lose
the spell without effect. The interrupting event strikes during spellcasting if
it comes between when you start and when you complete a spell (for a spell with
a casting time of 1 full round or more) or if it comes in response to your
casting the spell (such as an attack of opportunity provoked by the spell or a
contingent attack, such as a readied action).
If you are taking continuous
damage half the damage is considered to take place while you are casting a
spell. You must make a Concentration check (DC 10 + 1/2 the damage that the
continuous source last dealt + the level of the spell you’re casting). If
the last damage dealt was the last damage that the effect could deal then the
damage is over, and it does not distract you.
Repeated damage does not count
as continuous damage.
Spell: If you are affected by a spell while
attempting to cast a spell of your own, you must make a Concentration check or
lose the spell you are casting. If the spell affecting you deals damage, the DC
is 10 + points of damage + the level of the spell you’re casting.
the spell interferes with you or distracts you in some other way, the DC is the
spell’s saving throw DC + the level of the spell you’re casting. For
a spell with no saving throw, it’s the DC that the spell’s saving
throw would have if a save were allowed.
Grappling or Pinned: The only
spells you can cast while grappling or pinned are those without somatic
components and whose material components (if any) you have in hand. Even so, you
must make a Concentration check (DC 20 + the level of the spell you’re
casting) or lose the spell.
Vigorous Motion: If you are riding on a
moving mount, taking a bouncy ride in a wagon, on a small boat in rough water,
below-decks in a storm-tossed ship, or simply being jostled in a similar
fashion, you must make a Concentration check (DC 10 + the level of the spell
you’re casting) or lose the spell.
Violent Motion: If you are
on a galloping horse, taking a very rough ride in a wagon, on a small boat in
rapids or in a storm, on deck in a storm-tossed ship, or being tossed roughly
about in a similar fashion, you must make a Concentration check (DC 15 + the
level of the spell you’re casting) or lose the spell.
Weather: You must make a Concentration check if you try to cast a spell in
violent weather. If you are in a high wind carrying blinding rain or sleet, the
DC is 5 + the level of the spell you’re casting. If you are in wind-driven
hail, dust, or debris, the DC is 10 + the level of the spell you’re
casting. In either case, you lose the spell if you fail the Concentration check.
If the weather is caused by a spell, use the rules in the Spell subsection
Casting Defensively: If you want to cast a spell without
provoking any attacks of opportunity, you must make a Concentration check (DC 15
+ the level of the spell you’re casting) to succeed. You lose the spell if
Entangled: If you want to cast a spell while entangled in a
net or by a tanglefoot bag or while you’re affected by a spell with
similar effects, you must make a DC 15 Concentration check to cast the spell.
You lose the spell if you fail.
It is possible to cast
any spell as a counterspell. By doing so, you are using the spell’s energy
to disrupt the casting of the same spell by another character. Counterspelling
works even if one spell is divine and the other arcane.
Work: To use a counterspell, you must select an opponent as the target of
the counterspell. You do this by choosing the ready action. In doing so, you
elect to wait to complete your action until your opponent tries to cast a spell.
(You may still move your speed, since ready is a standard action.)
target of your counterspell tries to cast a spell, make a Spellcraft check (DC
15 + the spell’s level). This check is a free action. If the check
succeeds, you correctly identify the opponent’s spell and can attempt to
counter it. If the check fails, you can’t do either of these things.
complete the action, you must then cast the correct spell. As a general rule, a
spell can only counter itself. If you are able to cast the same spell and you
have it prepared (if you prepare spells), you cast it, altering it slightly to
create a counterspell effect. If the target is within range, both spells
automatically negate each other with no other results.
Metamagic Spells: Metamagic feats are not taken into account when
determining whether a spell can be countered
Specific Exceptions: Some
spells specifically counter each other, especially when they have diametrically
Dispel Magic as a Counterspell: You can use
dispel magic to counterspell another spellcaster, and you don’t
need to identify the spell he or she is casting. However, dispel magic
doesn’t always work as a counterspell (see the spell
A spell’s power often depends on its
caster level, which for most spellcasting characters is equal to your class
level in the class you’re using to cast the spell.
You can cast a
spell at a lower caster level than normal, but the caster level you choose must
be high enough for you to cast the spell in question, and all level-dependent
features must be based on the same caster level.
In the event that a class
feature, domain granted power, or other special ability provides an adjustment
to your caster level, that adjustment applies not only to effects based on
caster level (such as range, duration, and damage dealt) but also to your caster
level check to overcome your target’s spell resistance and to the caster
level used in dispel checks (both the dispel check and the DC of the check).
If you ever try to cast a spell in conditions where the
characteristics of the spell cannot be made to conform, the casting fails and
the spell is wasted.
Spells also fail if your concentration is broken and
might fail if you’re wearing armor while casting a spell with somatic
THE SPELL’S RESULT
Once you know which creatures (or
objects or areas) are affected, and whether those creatures have made successful
saving throws (if any were allowed), you can apply whatever results a spell
SPECIAL SPELL EFFECTS
Many special spell effects are handled
according to the school of the spells in question Certain other special spell
features are found across spell schools.
Attacks: Some spell
descriptions refer to attacking. All offensive combat actions, even those that
don’t damage opponents are considered attacks. Attempts to turn or rebuke
undead count as attacks. All spells that opponents resist with saving throws,
that deal damage, or that otherwise harm or hamper subjects are attacks. Spells
that summon monsters or other allies are not attacks because the spells
themselves don’t harm anyone.
Bonus Types: Usually, a bonus has
a type that indicates how the spell grants the bonus. The important aspect of
bonus types is that two bonuses of the same type don’t generally stack.
With the exception of dodge bonuses, most circumstance bonuses, and racial
bonuses, only the better bonus works (see Combining Magical Effects, below). The
same principle applies to penalties—a character taking two or more
penalties of the same type applies only the worst one.
Bringing Back the
Dead: Several spells have the power to restore slain characters to
When a living creature dies, its soul departs its body, leaves the
Material Plane, travels through the Astral Plane, and goes to abide on the plane
where the creature’s deity resides. If the creature did not worship a
deity, its soul departs to the plane corresponding to its alignment. Bringing
someone back from the dead means retrieving his or her soul and returning it to
his or her body.
Level Loss: Any creature brought back to life usually
loses one level of experience. The character’s new XP total is midway
between the minimum needed for his or her new (reduced) level and the minimum
needed for the next one. If the character was 1st level at the time of death, he
or she loses 2 points of Constitution instead of losing a level.
loss or Constitution loss cannot be repaired by any mortal means, even wish
or miracle. A revived character can regain a lost level by earning XP
through further adventuring. A revived character who was 1st level at the time
of death can regain lost points of Constitution by improving his or her
Constitution score when he or she attains a level that allows an ability score
Preventing Revivification: Enemies can take steps to make it
more difficult for a character to be returned from the dead. Keeping the body
prevents others from using raise dead or resurrection to restore
the slain character to life. Casting trap the soul prevents any sort of
revivification unless the soul is first released.
One’s Will: A soul cannot be returned to life if it does not wish to
be. A soul knows the name, alignment, and patron deity (if any) of the character
attempting to revive it and may refuse to return on that basis.
Spells or magical effects usually work as described, no
matter how many other spells or magical effects happen to be operating in the
same area or on the same recipient. Except in special cases, a spell does not
affect the way another spell operates. Whenever a spell has a specific effect on
other spells, the spell description explains that effect. Several other general
rules apply when spells or magical effects operate in the same
Stacking Effects: Spells that provide bonuses or penalties on
attack rolls, damage rolls, saving throws, and other attributes usually do not
stack with themselves. More generally, two bonuses of the same type don’t
stack even if they come from different spells (or from effects other than
spells; see Bonus Types, above).
Different Bonus Names: The bonuses
or penalties from two different spells stack if the modifiers are of different
types. A bonus that isn’t named stacks with any bonus.
More than Once in Different Strengths: In cases when two or more identical
spells are operating in the same area or on the same target, but at different
strengths, only the best one applies.
Same Effect with Differing Results:
The same spell can sometimes produce varying effects if applied to the same
recipient more than once. Usually the last spell in the series trumps the
others. None of the previous spells are actually removed or dispelled, but their
effects become irrelevant while the final spell in the series lasts.
Effect Makes Another Irrelevant: Sometimes, one spell can render a later
spell irrelevant. Both spells are still active, but one has rendered the other
useless in some fashion.
Multiple Mental Control Effects: Sometimes
magical effects that establish mental control render each other irrelevant, such
as a spell that removes the subjects ability to act. Mental controls that
don’t remove the recipient’s ability to act usually do not interfere
with each other. If a creature is under the mental control of two or more
creatures, it tends to obey each to the best of its ability, and to the extent
of the control each effect allows. If the controlled creature receives
conflicting orders simultaneously, the competing controllers must make opposed
Charisma checks to determine which one the creature obeys.
Opposite Effects: Spells with opposite effects apply normally, with all
bonuses, penalties, or changes accruing in the order that they apply. Some
spells negate or counter each other. This is a special effect that is noted in a
Instantaneous Effects: Two or more spells
with instantaneous durations work cumulatively when they affect the same
The description of
each spell is presented in a standard format. Each category of information is
explained and defined below.
The first line of every spell
description gives the name by which the spell is generally known.
Beneath the spell name is a line giving the school of magic (and
the subschool, if appropriate) that the spell belongs to.
Almost every spell
belongs to one of eight schools of magic. A school of magic is a group of
related spells that work in similar ways. A small number of spells (arcane
mark, limited wish, permanency, prestidigitation, and wish) are
universal, belonging to no school.
Abjurations are protective spells. They create physical or magical
barriers, negate magical or physical abilities, harm trespassers, or even banish
the subject of the spell to another plane of existence.
If one abjuration
spell is active within 10 feet of another for 24 hours or more, the magical
fields interfere with each other and create barely visible energy fluctuations.
The DC to find such spells with the Search skill drops by 4.
If an abjuration
creates a barrier that keeps certain types of creatures at bay, that barrier
cannot be used to push away those creatures. If you force the barrier against
such a creature, you feel a discernible pressure against the barrier. If you
continue to apply pressure, you end the spell.
Each conjuration spell belongs to one of five subschools. Conjurations
bring manifestations of objects, creatures, or some form of energy to you (the
summoning subschool), actually transport creatures from another plane of
existence to your plane (calling), heal (healing), transport creatures or
objects over great distances (teleportation), or create objects or effects on
the spot (creation). Creatures you conjure usually, but not always, obey your
A creature or object brought into being or transported to your
location by a conjuration spell cannot appear inside another creature or object,
nor can it appear floating in an empty space. It must arrive in an open location
on a surface capable of supporting it.
The creature or object must appear
within the spell’s range, but it does not have to remain within the
Calling: A calling spell transports a creature from another
plane to the plane you are on. The spell grants the creature the one-time
ability to return to its plane of origin, although the spell may limit the
circumstances under which this is possible. Creatures who are called actually
die when they are killed; they do not disappear and reform, as do those brought
by a summoning spell (see below). The duration of a calling spell is
instantaneous, which means that the called creature can’t be
Creation: A creation spell manipulates matter to create an
object or creature in the place the spellcaster designates (subject to the
limits noted above). If the spell has a duration other than instantaneous, magic
holds the creation together, and when the spell ends, the conjured creature or
object vanishes without a trace. If the spell has an instantaneous duration, the
created object or creature is merely assembled through magic. It lasts
indefinitely and does not depend on magic for its existence.
Certain divine conjurations heal creatures or even bring them back to
Summoning: A summoning spell instantly brings a creature or
object to a place you designate. When the spell ends or is dispelled, a summoned
creature is instantly sent back to where it came from, but a summoned object is
not sent back unless the spell description specifically indicates this. A
summoned creature also goes away if it is killed or if its hit points drop to 0
or lower. It is not really dead. It takes 24 hours for the creature to reform,
during which time it can’t be summoned again.
When the spell that
summoned a creature ends and the creature disappears, all the spells it has cast
expire. A summoned creature cannot use any innate summoning abilities it may
have, and it refuses to cast any spells that would cost it XP, or to use any
spell-like abilities that would cost XP if they were
Teleportation: A teleportation spell transports one or more
creatures or objects a great distance. The most powerful of these spells can
cross planar boundaries. Unlike summoning spells, the transportation is (unless
otherwise noted) one-way and not dispellable.
Teleportation is instantaneous
travel through the Astral Plane. Anything that blocks astral travel also blocks
Divination spells enable you to learn secrets long forgotten, to predict
the future, to find hidden things, and to foil deceptive spells.
divination spells have cone-shaped areas. These move with you and extend in the
direction you look. The cone defines the area that you can sweep each round. If
you study the same area for multiple rounds, you can often gain additional
information, as noted in the descriptive text for the spell.
A scrying spell creates an invisible magical sensor that sends you information.
Unless noted otherwise, the sensor has the same powers of sensory acuity that
you possess. This level of acuity includes any spells or effects that target
you, but not spells or effects that emanate from you. However, the sensor is
treated as a separate, independent sensory organ of yours, and thus it functions
normally even if you have been blinded, deafened, or otherwise suffered sensory
Any creature with an Intelligence score of 12 or higher can
notice the sensor by making a DC 20 Intelligence check. The sensor can be
dispelled as if it were an active spell.
Lead sheeting or magical protection
blocks a scrying spell, and you sense that the spell is so
Enchantment spells affect the minds of others, influencing or controlling
All enchantments are mind-affecting spells. Two types of
enchantment spells grant you influence over a subject creature.
A charm spell changes how the subject views you, typically making it see you as
a good friend.
Compulsion: A compulsion spell forces the subject to
act in some manner or changes the way her mind works. Some compulsion spells
determine the subject’s actions or the effects on the subject, some
compulsion spells allow you to determine the subject’s actions when you
cast the spell, and others give you ongoing control over the
Evocation spells manipulate energy or tap an unseen source of power to
produce a desired end. In effect, they create something out of nothing. Many of
these spells produce spectacular effects, and evocation spells can deal large
amounts of damage.
Illusion spells deceive the senses or minds of others. They cause people to
see things that are not there, not see things that are there, hear phantom
noises, or remember things that never happened.
Figment: A figment
spell creates a false sensation. Those who perceive the figment perceive the
same thing, not their own slightly different versions of the figment. (It is not
a personalized mental impression.) Figments cannot make something seem to be
something else. A figment that includes audible effects cannot duplicate
intelligible speech unless the spell description specifically says it can. If
intelligible speech is possible, it must be in a language you can speak. If you
try to duplicate a language you cannot speak, the image produces gibberish.
Likewise, you cannot make a visual copy of something unless you know what it
Because figments and glamers (see below) are unreal, they cannot
produce real effects the way that other types of illusions can. They cannot
cause damage to objects or creatures, support weight, provide nutrition, or
provide protection from the elements. Consequently, these spells are useful for
confounding or delaying foes, but useless for attacking them directly.
figment’s AC is equal to 10 + its size modifier.
glamer spell changes a subject’s sensory qualities, making it look, feel,
taste, smell, or sound like something else, or even seem to
Pattern: Like a figment, a pattern spell creates an image
that others can see, but a pattern also affects the minds of those who see it or
are caught in it. All patterns are mind-affecting spells.
phantasm spell creates a mental image that usually only the caster and the
subject (or subjects) of the spell can perceive. This impression is totally in
the minds of the subjects. It is a personalized mental impression. (It’s
all in their heads and not a fake picture or something that they actually see.)
Third parties viewing or studying the scene don’t notice the phantasm. All
phantasms are mind-affecting spells.
Shadow: A shadow spell creates
something that is partially real from extradimensional energy. Such illusions
can have real effects. Damage dealt by a shadow illusion is real.
Throws and Illusions (Disbelief ): Creatures encountering an illusion
usually do not receive saving throws to recognize it as illusory until they
study it carefully or interact with it in some fashion.
A successful saving
throw against an illusion reveals it to be false, but a figment or phantasm
remains as a translucent outline.
A failed saving throw indicates that a
character fails to notice something is amiss. A character faced with proof that
an illusion isn’t real needs no saving throw. If any viewer successfully
disbelieves an illusion and communicates this fact to others, each such viewer
gains a saving throw with a +4 bonus.
Necromancy spells manipulate the power of death, unlife, and the life
force. Spells involving undead creatures make up a large part of this school.
Transmutation spells change the properties of some creature, thing, or
Appearing on the same line as the school and
subschool, when applicable, is a descriptor that further categorizes the spell
in some way. Some spells have more than one descriptor.
The descriptors are
acid, air, chaotic, cold, darkness, death, earth, electricity, evil, fear, fire,
force, good, language-dependent, lawful, light, mind-affecting, sonic, and
Most of these descriptors have no game effect by themselves, but they
govern how the spell interacts with other spells, with special abilities, with
unusual creatures, with alignment, and so on.
A language-dependent spell uses
intelligible language as a medium for communication. If the target cannot
understand or cannot hear what the caster of a language-dependant spell says the
A mind-affecting spell works only against creatures with an
Intelligence score of 1 or higher.
The next line of a spell
description gives the spell’s level, a number between 0 and 9 that defines
the spell’s relative power. This number is preceded by an abbreviation for
the class whose members can cast the spell. The Level entry also indicates
whether a spell is a domain spell and, if so, what its domain and its level as a
domain spell are. A spell’s level affects the DC for any save allowed
against the effect.
Names of spellcasting classes are abbreviated as follows:
bard Brd; cleric Clr; druid Drd; paladin Pal; ranger Rgr; sorcerer Sor; wizard
The domains a spell can be associated with include Air, Animal, Chaos,
Death, Destruction, Earth, Evil, Fire, Good, Healing, Knowledge, Law, Luck,
Magic, Plant, Protection, Strength, Sun, Travel, Trickery, War, and
A spell’s components are what you must do or
possess to cast it. The Components entry in a spell description includes
abbreviations that tell you what type of components it has. Specifics for
material, focus, and XP components are given at the end of the descriptive text.
Usually you don’t worry about components, but when you can’t use a
component for some reason or when a material or focus component is expensive,
then the components are important.
Verbal (V): A verbal component is a
spoken incantation. To provide a verbal component, you must be able to speak in
a strong voice. A silence spell or a gag spoils the incantation (and thus
the spell). A spellcaster who has been deafened has a 20% chance to spoil any
spell with a verbal component that he or she tries to cast.
(S): A somatic component is a measured and precise movement of the hand. You
must have at least one hand free to provide a somatic component.
(M): A material component is one or more physical substances or objects that
are annihilated by the spell energies in the casting process. Unless a cost is
given for a material component, the cost is negligible. Don’t bother to
keep track of material components with negligible cost. Assume you have all you
need as long as you have your spell component pouch.
Focus (F): A
focus component is a prop of some sort. Unlike a material component, a focus is
not consumed when the spell is cast and can be reused. As with material
components, the cost for a focus is negligible unless a price is given. Assume
that focus components of negligible cost are in your spell component
Divine Focus (DF): A divine focus component is an item of
spiritual significance. The divine focus for a cleric or a paladin is a holy
symbol appropriate to the character’s faith.
If the Components line
includes F/DF or M/DF, the arcane version of the spell has a focus component or
a material component (the abbreviation before the slash) and the divine version
has a divine focus component (the abbreviation after the slash).
(XP): Some powerful spells entail an experience point cost to you. No spell
can restore the XP lost in this manner. You cannot spend so much XP that you
lose a level, so you cannot cast the spell unless you have enough XP to spare.
However, you may, on gaining enough XP to attain a new level, use those XP for
casting a spell rather than keeping them and advancing a level. The XP are
treated just like a material component—expended when you cast the spell,
whether or not the casting succeeds.
Most spells have a
casting time of 1 standard action. Others take 1 round or more, while a few
require only a free action.
A spell that takes 1 round to cast is a
full-round action. It comes into effect just before the beginning of your turn
in the round after you began casting the spell. You then act normally after the
spell is completed.
A spell that takes 1 minute to cast comes into effect
just before your turn 1 minute later (and for each of those 10 rounds, you are
casting a spell as a full-round action, just as noted above for 1- round casting
times). These actions must be consecutive and uninterrupted, or the spell
When you begin a spell that takes 1 round or longer to
cast, you must continue the concentration from the current round to just before
your turn in the next round (at least). If you lose concentration before the
casting is complete, you lose the spell.
A spell with a casting time of 1
free action doesn’t count against your normal limit of one spell per
round. However, you may cast such a spell only once per round. Casting a spell
with a casting time of 1 free action doesn’t provoke attacks of
You make all pertinent decisions about a spell (range, target,
area, effect, version, and so forth) when the spell comes into
A spell’s range indicates how far from you it can
reach, as defined in the Range entry of the spell description. A spell’s
range is the maximum distance from you that the spell’s effect can occur,
as well as the maximum distance at which you can designate the spell’s
point of origin. If any portion of the spell’s area would extend beyond
this range, that area is wasted. Standard ranges include the
Personal: The spell affects only you.
must touch a creature or object to affect it. A touch spell that deals damage
can score a critical hit just as a weapon can. A touch spell threatens a
critical hit on a natural roll of 20 and deals double damage on a successful
critical hit. Some touch spells allow you to touch multiple targets. You can
touch as many willing targets as you can reach as part of the casting, but all
targets of the spell must be touched in the same round that you finish casting
Close: The spell reaches as far as 25 feet away from you.
The maximum range increases by 5 feet for every two full caster
Medium: The spell reaches as far as 100 feet + 10 feet per
Long: The spell reaches as far as 400 feet + 40 feet per
Unlimited: The spell reaches anywhere on the same plane
Range Expressed in Feet: Some spells have no standard
range category, just a range expressed in feet.
AIMING A SPELL
must make some choice about whom the spell is to affect or where the effect is
to originate, depending on the type of spell. The next entry in a spell
description defines the spell’s target (or targets), its effect, or its
area, as appropriate.
Target or Targets: Some spells have a
target or targets. You cast these spells on creatures or objects, as defined by
the spell itself. You must be able to see or touch the target, and you must
specifically choose that target. You do not have to select your target until you
finish casting the spell.
If the target of a spell is yourself (the spell
description has a line that reads Target: You), you do not receive a saving
throw, and spell resistance does not apply. The Saving Throw and Spell
Resistance lines are omitted from such spells.
Some spells restrict you to
willing targets only. Declaring yourself as a willing target is something that
can be done at any time (even if you’re flat-footed or it isn’t your
turn). Unconscious creatures are automatically considered willing, but a
character who is conscious but immobile or helpless (such as one who is bound,
cowering, grappling, paralyzed, pinned, or stunned) is not automatically
Some spells allow you to redirect the effect to new targets or areas
after you cast the spell. Redirecting a spell is a move action that does not
provoke attacks of opportunity.
Effect: Some spells create or summon
things rather than affecting things that are already present.
designate the location where these things are to appear, either by seeing it or
defining it. Range determines how far away an effect can appear, but if the
effect is mobile it can move regardless of the spell’s range.
Some effects are rays. You aim a ray as if using a ranged weapon, though
typically you make a ranged touch attack rather than a normal ranged attack. As
with a ranged weapon, you can fire into the dark or at an invisible creature and
hope you hit something. You don’t have to see the creature you’re
trying to hit, as you do with a targeted spell. Intervening creatures and
obstacles, however, can block your line of sight or provide cover for the
creature you’re aiming at.
If a ray spell has a duration, it’s
the duration of the effect that the ray causes, not the length of time the ray
If a ray spell deals damage, you can score a critical hit
just as if it were a weapon. A ray spell threatens a critical hit on a natural
roll of 20 and deals double damage on a successful critical hit.
Some effects, notably clouds and fogs, spread out from a point of origin,
which must be a grid intersection. The effect can extend around corners and into
areas that you can’t see. Figure distance by actual distance traveled,
taking into account turns the spell effect takes. When determining distance for
spread effects, count around walls, not through them. As with movement, do not
trace diagonals across corners. You must designate the point of origin for such
an effect, but you need not have line of effect (see below) to all portions of
Area: Some spells affect an area. Sometimes a spell
description specifies a specially defined area, but usually an area falls into
one of the categories defined below.
Regardless of the shape of the area, you
select the point where the spell originates, but otherwise you don’t
control which creatures or objects the spell affects. The point of origin of a
spell is always a grid intersection. When determining whether a given creature
is within the area of a spell, count out the distance from the point of origin
in squares just as you do when moving a character or when determining the range
for a ranged attack. The only difference is that instead of counting from the
center of one square to the center of the next, you count from intersection to
You can count diagonally across a square, but remember that
every second diagonal counts as 2 squares of distance. If the far edge of a
square is within the spell’s area, anything within that square is within
the spell’s area. If the spell’s area only touches the near edge of
a square, however, anything within that square is unaffected by the
Burst, Emanation, or Spread: Most spells that affect an area
function as a burst, an emanation, or a spread. In each case, you select the
spell’s point of origin and measure its effect from that point.
spell affects whatever it catches in its area, even including creatures that you
can’t see. It can’t affect creatures with total cover from its point
of origin (in other words, its effects don’t extend around corners). The
default shape for a burst effect is a sphere, but some burst spells are
specifically described as cone-shaped. A burst’s area defines how far from
the point of origin the spell’s effect extends.
An emanation spell
functions like a burst spell, except that the effect continues to radiate from
the point of origin for the duration of the spell. Most emanations are cones or
A spread spell spreads out like a burst but can turn corners. You
select the point of origin, and the spell spreads out a given distance in all
directions. Figure the area the spell effect fills by taking into account any
turns the spell effect takes.
Cone, Cylinder, Line, or Sphere: Most
spells that affect an area have a particular shape, such as a cone, cylinder,
line, or sphere.
A cone-shaped spell shoots away from you in a quarter-circle
in the direction you designate. It starts from any corner of your square and
widens out as it goes. Most cones are either bursts or emanations (see above),
and thus won’t go around corners.
When casting a cylinder-shaped spell,
you select the spell’s point of origin. This point is the center of a
horizontal circle, and the spell shoots down from the circle, filling a
cylinder. A cylinder-shaped spell ignores any obstructions within its area.
line-shaped spell shoots away from you in a line in the direction you designate.
It starts from any corner of your square and extends to the limit of its range
or until it strikes a barrier that blocks line of effect. A line-shaped spell
affects all creatures in squares that the line passes through.
sphere-shaped spell expands from its point of origin to fill a spherical area.
Spheres may be bursts, emanations, or spreads.
Creatures: A spell with
this kind of area affects creatures directly (like a targeted spell), but it
affects all creatures in an area of some kind rather than individual creatures
you select. The area might be a spherical burst , a cone-shaped burst, or some
Many spells affect “living creatures,” which means
all creatures other than constructs and undead. Creatures in the spell’s
area that are not of the appropriate type do not count against the creatures
Objects: A spell with this kind of area affects objects
within an area you select (as Creatures, but affecting objects
Other: A spell can have a unique area, as defined in its
(S) Shapeable: If an Area or Effect entry ends with
“(S),” you can shape the spell. A shaped effect or area can have no
dimension smaller than 10 feet. Many effects or areas are given as cubes to make
it easy to model irregular shapes. Three-dimensional volumes are most often
needed to define aerial or underwater effects and areas.
Effect: A line of effect is a straight, unblocked path that indicates what a
spell can affect. A line of effect is canceled by a solid barrier. It’s
like line of sight for ranged weapons, except that it’s not blocked by
fog, darkness, and other factors that limit normal sight.
You must have a
clear line of effect to any target that you cast a spell on or to any space in
which you wish to create an effect. You must have a clear line of effect to the
point of origin of any spell you cast.
A burst, cone, cylinder, or
emanation spell affects only an area, creatures, or objects to which it has line
of effect from its origin (a spherical burst’s center point, a cone-shaped
burst’s starting point, a cylinder’s circle, or an emanation’s
point of origin).
An otherwise solid barrier with a hole of at least 1 square
foot through it does not block a spell’s line of effect. Such an opening
means that the 5-foot length of wall containing the hole is no longer considered
a barrier for purposes of a spell’s line of effect.
spell’s Duration entry tells you how long the magical energy of the spell
Timed Durations: Many durations are measured in rounds,
minutes, hours, or some other increment. When the time is up, the magic goes
away and the spell ends. If a spell’s duration is variable the duration is
rolled secretly (the caster doesn’t know how long the spell will last).
Instantaneous: The spell energy comes and goes the instant the spell
is cast, though the consequences might be long-lasting.
energy remains as long as the effect does. This means the spell is vulnerable to
Concentration: The spell lasts as long as you
concentrate on it. Concentrating to maintain a spell is a standard action that
does not provoke attacks of opportunity. Anything that could break your
concentration when casting a spell can also break your concentration while
you’re maintaining one, causing the spell to end.
You can’t cast
a spell while concentrating on another one. Sometimes a spell lasts for a short
time after you cease concentrating.
Subjects, Effects, and Areas: If
the spell affects creatures directly the result travels with the subjects for
the spell’s duration. If the spell creates an effect, the effect lasts for
the duration. The effect might move or remain still. Such an effect can be
destroyed prior to when its duration ends. If the spell affects an area then the
spell stays with that area for its duration.
Creatures become subject to the
spell when they enter the area and are no longer subject to it when they
Touch Spells and Holding the Charge: In most cases, if you
don’t discharge a touch spell on the round you cast it, you can hold the
charge (postpone the discharge of the spell) indefinitely. You can make touch
attacks round after round. If you cast another spell, the touch spell
Some touch spells allow you to touch multiple targets as
part of the spell. You can’t hold the charge of such a spell; you must
touch all targets of the spell in the same round that you finish casting the
Discharge: Occasionally a spells lasts for a set duration or
until triggered or discharged.
(D) Dismissible: If the Duration line
ends with “(D),” you can dismiss the spell at will. You must be
within range of the spell’s effect and must speak words of dismissal,
which are usually a modified form of the spell’s verbal component. If the
spell has no verbal component, you can dismiss the effect with a gesture.
Dismissing a spell is a standard action that does not provoke attacks of
A spell that depends on concentration is dismissible by its very
nature, and dismissing it does not take an action, since all you have to do to
end the spell is to stop concentrating on your turn.
Usually a harmful spell allows a target to make a saving throw to avoid
some or all of the effect. The Saving Throw entry in a spell description defines
which type of saving throw the spell allows and describes how saving throws
against the spell work.
Negates: The spell has no effect on a subject
that makes a successful saving throw.
Partial: The spell causes an
effect on its subject. A successful saving throw means that some lesser effect
Half: The spell deals damage, and a successful saving throw
halves the damage taken (round down).
None: No saving throw is
Disbelief: A successful save lets the subject ignore the
(object): The spell can be cast on objects, which receive
saving throws only if they are magical or if they are attended (held, worn,
grasped, or the like) by a creature resisting the spell, in which case the
object uses the creature’s saving throw bonus unless its own bonus is
greater. (This notation does not mean that a spell can be cast only on objects.
Some spells of this sort can be cast on creatures or objects.) A magic
item’s saving throw bonuses are each equal to 2 + one-half the
item’s caster level.
(harmless): The spell is usually
beneficial, not harmful, but a targeted creature can attempt a saving throw if
Saving Throw Difficulty Class: A saving throw against your
spell has a DC of 10 + the level of the spell + your bonus for the relevant
ability (Intelligence for a wizard, Charisma for a sorcerer or bard, or Wisdom
for a cleric, druid, paladin, or ranger). A spell’s level can vary
depending on your class. Always use the spell level applicable to your
Succeeding on a Saving Throw: A creature that successfully
saves against a spell that has no obvious physical effects feels a hostile force
or a tingle, but cannot deduce the exact nature of the attack. Likewise, if a
creature’s saving throw succeeds against a targeted spell you sense that
the spell has failed. You do not sense when creatures succeed on saves against
effect and area spells.
Automatic Failures and Successes: A natural 1
(the d20 comes up 1) on a saving throw is always a failure, and the spell may
cause damage to exposed items (see Items Surviving after a Saving Throw, below).
A natural 20 (the d20 comes up 20) is always a success.
up a Saving Throw: A creature can voluntarily forego a saving throw and
willingly accept a spell’s result. Even a character with a special
resistance to magic can suppress this quality.
Items Surviving after a
Saving Throw: Unless the descriptive text for the spell specifies otherwise,
all items carried or worn by a creature are assumed to survive a magical attack.
If a creature rolls a natural 1 on its saving throw against the effect, however,
an exposed item is harmed (if the attack can harm objects). Refer to Table:
Items Affected by Magical Attacks. Determine which four objects carried or worn
by the creature are most likely to be affected and roll randomly among them. The
randomly determined item must make a saving throw against the attack form and
take whatever damage the attack deal.
If an item is not carried or worn and
is not magical, it does not get a saving throw. It simply is dealt the
Table: Items Affected by Magical Attacks
Magic helmet, hat, or headband
Item in hand (including weapon, wand, or the like)
Stowed or sheathed weapon
Magic jewelry (including rings)
1 In order of most likely to least likely to be affected.
Spell resistance is a special defensive ability. If
your spell is being resisted by a creature with spell resistance, you must make
a caster level check (1d20 + caster level) at least equal to the
creature’s spell resistance for the spell to affect that creature. The
defender’s spell resistance is like an Armor Class against magical
attacks. Include any adjustments to your caster level to this caster level
The Spell Resistance entry and the descriptive text of a spell
description tell you whether spell resistance protects creatures from the spell.
In many cases, spell resistance applies only when a resistant creature is
targeted by the spell, not when a resistant creature encounters a spell that is
already in place.
The terms “object” and “harmless”
mean the same thing for spell resistance as they do for saving throws. A
creature with spell resistance must voluntarily lower the resistance (a standard
action) in order to be affected by a spell noted as harmless. In such a case,
you do not need to make the caster level check described
This portion of a spell description details
what the spell does and how it works. If one of the previous entries in the
description included “see text,” this is where the explanation is
Wizards, sorcerers, and
bards cast arcane spells. Compared to divine spells, arcane spells are more
likely to produce dramatic results.
PREPARING WIZARD SPELLS
wizard’s level limits the number of spells she can prepare and cast. Her
high Intelligence score might allow her to prepare a few extra spells. She can
prepare the same spell more than once, but each preparation counts as one spell
toward her daily limit. To prepare a spell the wizard must have an Intelligence
score of at least 10 + the spell’s level.
Rest: To prepare her
daily spells, a wizard must first sleep for 8 hours. The wizard does not have to
slumber for every minute of the time, but she must refrain from movement,
combat, spellcasting, skill use, conversation, or any other fairly demanding
physical or mental task during the rest period. If her rest is interrupted, each
interruption adds 1 hour to the total amount of time she has to rest in order to
clear her mind, and she must have at least 1 hour of uninterrupted rest
immediately prior to preparing her spells. If the character does not need to
sleep for some reason, she still must have 8 hours of restful calm before
preparing any spells.
Recent Casting Limit/Rest Interruptions: If a
wizard has cast spells recently, the drain on her resources reduces her capacity
to prepare new spells. When she prepares spells for the coming day, all the
spells she has cast within the last 8 hours count against her daily
Preparation Environment: To prepare any spell, a wizard must
have enough peace, quiet, and comfort to allow for proper concentration. The
wizard’s surroundings need not be luxurious, but they must be free from
overt distractions. Exposure to inclement weather prevents the necessary
concentration, as does any injury or failed saving throw the character might
experience while studying. Wizards also must have access to their spellbooks to
study from and sufficient light to read them by. There is one major exception: A
wizard can prepare a read magic spell even without a spellbook.
Spell Preparation Time: After resting, a wizard must study her
spellbook to prepare any spells that day. If she wants to prepare all her
spells, the process takes 1 hour. Preparing some smaller portion of her daily
capacity takes a proportionally smaller amount of time, but always at least 15
minutes, the minimum time required to achieve the proper mental
Spell Selection and Preparation: Until she prepares spells from
her spellbook, the only spells a wizard has available to cast are the ones that
she already had prepared from the previous day and has not yet used. During the
study period, she chooses which spells to prepare. If a wizard already has
spells prepared (from the previous day) that she has not cast, she can abandon
some or all of them to make room for new spells.
When preparing spells for
the day, a wizard can leave some of these spell slots open. Later during that
day, she can repeat the preparation process as often as she likes, time and
circumstances permitting. During these extra sessions of preparation, the wizard
can fill these unused spell slots. She cannot, however, abandon a previously
prepared spell to replace it with another one or fill a slot that is empty
because she has cast a spell in the meantime. That sort of preparation requires
a mind fresh from rest. Like the first session of the day, this preparation
takes at least 15 minutes, and it takes longer if the wizard prepares more than
one-quarter of her spells.
Spell Slots: The various character class
tables show how many spells of each level a character can cast per day. These
openings for daily spells are called spell slots. A spellcaster always has the
option to fill a higher-level spell slot with a lower-level spell. A spellcaster
who lacks a high enough ability score to cast spells that would otherwise be his
or her due still gets the slots but must fill them with spells of lower
Prepared Spell Retention: Once a wizard prepares a spell, it
remains in her mind as a nearly cast spell until she uses the prescribed
components to complete and trigger it or until she abandons it. Certain other
events, such as the effects of magic items or special attacks from monsters, can
wipe a prepared spell from a character’s mind.
Death and Prepared
Spell Retention: If a spellcaster dies, all prepared spells stored in his or
her mind are wiped away. Potent magic (such as raise dead, resurrection,
or true resurrection) can recover the lost energy when it recovers
ARCANE MAGICAL WRITINGS
To record an arcane spell in
written form, a character uses complex notation that describes the magical
forces involved in the spell. The writer uses the same system no matter what her
native language or culture. However, each character uses the system in her own
way. Another person’s magical writing remains incomprehensible to even the
most powerful wizard until she takes time to study and decipher it.
decipher an arcane magical writing (such as a single spell in written form in
another’s spellbook or on a scroll), a character must make a Spellcraft
check (DC 20 + the spell’s level). If the skill check fails, the character
cannot attempt to read that particular spell again until the next day. A read
magic spell automatically deciphers a magical writing without a skill check.
If the person who created the magical writing is on hand to help the reader,
success is also automatic.
Once a character deciphers a particular magical
writing, she does not need to decipher it again. Deciphering a magical writing
allows the reader to identify the spell and gives some idea of its effects (as
explained in the spell description). If the magical writing was a scroll and the
reader can cast arcane spells, she can attempt to use the scroll.
Spells and Borrowed Spellbooks
A wizard can use a borrowed spellbook to
prepare a spell she already knows and has recorded in her own spellbook, but
preparation success is not assured. First, the wizard must decipher the writing
in the book (see Arcane Magical Writings, above). Once a spell from another
spellcaster’s book is deciphered, the reader must make a Spellcraft check
(DC 15 + spell’s level) to prepare the spell. If the check succeeds, the
wizard can prepare the spell. She must repeat the check to prepare the spell
again, no matter how many times she has prepared it before. If the check fails,
she cannot try to prepare the spell from the same source again until the next
day. (However, as explained above, she does not need to repeat a check to
decipher the writing.)
Adding Spells to a Wizard’s
Wizards can add new spells to their spellbooks through several
methods. If a wizard has chosen to specialize in a school of magic, she can
learn spells only from schools whose spells she can cast.
Spells Gained at
a New Level: Wizards perform a certain amount of spell research between
adventures. Each time a character attains a new wizard level, she gains two
spells of her choice to add to her spellbook. The two free spells must be of
spell levels she can cast. If she has chosen to specialize in a school of magic,
one of the two free spells must be from her specialty school.
Copied from Another’s Spellbook or a Scroll: A wizard can also add a
spell to her book whenever she encounters one on a magic scroll or in another
wizard’s spellbook. No matter what the spell’s source, the wizard
must first decipher the magical writing (see Arcane Magical Writings, above).
Next, she must spend a day studying the spell. At the end of the day, she must
make a Spellcraft check (DC 15 + spell’s level). A wizard who has
specialized in a school of spells gains a +2 bonus on the Spellcraft check if
the new spell is from her specialty school. She cannot, however, learn any
spells from her prohibited schools. If the check succeeds, the wizard
understands the spell and can copy it into her spellbook (see Writing a New
Spell into a Spellbook, below). The process leaves a spellbook that was copied
from unharmed, but a spell successfully copied from a magic scroll disappears
from the parchment.
If the check fails, the wizard cannot understand or copy
the spell. She cannot attempt to learn or copy that spell again until she gains
another rank in Spellcraft. A spell that was being copied from a scroll does not
vanish from the scroll.
In most cases, wizards charge a fee for the privilege
of copying spells from their spellbooks. This fee is usually equal to the
spell’s level x50 gp.
Independent Research: A wizard
also can research a spell independently, duplicating an existing spell or
creating an entirely new one.
Writing a New Spell into a
Once a wizard understands a new spell, she can record it into her
Time: The process takes 24 hours, regardless of the
Space in the Spellbook: A spell takes up one page
of the spellbook per spell level. Even a 0-level spell (cantrip) takes one page.
A spellbook has one hundred pages.
Materials and Costs: Materials for
writing the spell cost 100 gp per page.
Note that a wizard does not have to
pay these costs in time or gold for the spells she gains for free at each new
Replacing and Copying Spellbooks
A wizard can use the
procedure for learning a spell to reconstruct a lost spellbook. If she already
has a particular spell prepared, she can write it directly into a new book at a
cost of 100 gp per page (as noted in Writing a New Spell into a Spellbook,
above). The process wipes the prepared spell from her mind, just as casting it
would. If she does not have the spell prepared, she can prepare it from a
borrowed spellbook and then write it into a new book.
Duplicating an existing
spellbook uses the same procedure as replacing it, but the task is much easier.
The time requirement and cost per page are halved.
Captured spellbooks can be sold for a gp amount equal to one-half
the cost of purchasing and inscribing the spells within (that is, one-half of
100 gp per page of spells). A spellbook entirely filled with spells (that is,
with one hundred pages of spells inscribed in it) is worth 5,000
SORCERERS AND BARDS
Sorcerers and bards cast arcane spells, but
they do not have spellbooks and do not prepare their spells. A sorcerer’s
or bard’s class level limits the number of spells he can cast (see these
class descriptions). His high Charisma score might allow him to cast a few extra
spells. A member of either class must have a Charisma score of at least 10 + a
spell’s level to cast the spell.
Daily Readying of Spells: Each
day, sorcerers and bards must focus their minds on the task of casting their
spells. A sorcerer or bard needs 8 hours of rest (just like a wizard), after
which he spends 15 minutes concentrating. (A bard must sing, recite, or play an
instrument of some kind while concentrating.) During this period, the sorcerer
or bard readies his mind to cast his daily allotment of spells. Without such a
period to refresh himself, the character does not regain the spell slots he used
up the day before.
Recent Casting Limit: As with wizards, any spells
cast within the last 8 hours count against the sorcerer’s or bard’s
Adding Spells to a Sorcerer’s or Bard’s
Repertoire: A sorcerer or bard gains spells each time he attains a new level
in his class and never gains spells any other way. When your sorcerer or bard
gains a new level, consult Table: Bard Spells Known or Table: Sorcerer Spells
Known to learn how many spells from the appropriate spell list he now knows.
With permission, sorcerers and bards can also select the spells they gain from
new and unusual spells that they have gained some understanding
Clerics, druids, experienced
paladins, and experienced rangers can cast divine spells. Unlike arcane spells,
divine spells draw power from a divine source. Clerics gain spell power from
deities or from divine forces. The divine force of nature powers druid and
ranger spells. The divine forces of law and good power paladin spells. Divine
spells tend to focus on healing and protection and are less flashy, destructive,
and disruptive than arcane spells.
PREPARING DIVINE SPELLS
spellcasters prepare their spells in largely the same manner as wizards do, but
with a few differences. The relevant ability for divine spells is Wisdom. To
prepare a divine spell, a character must have a Wisdom score of 10 + the
spell’s level. Likewise, bonus spells are based on Wisdom.
Day: A divine spellcaster chooses and prepares spells ahead of time, just as
a wizard does. However, a divine spellcaster does not require a period of rest
to prepare spells. Instead, the character chooses a particular part of the day
to pray and receive spells. The time is usually associated with some daily
event. If some event prevents a character from praying at the proper time, he
must do so as soon as possible. If the character does not stop to pray for
spells at the first opportunity, he must wait until the next day to prepare
Spell Selection and Preparation: A divine spellcaster selects
and prepares spells ahead of time through prayer and meditation at a particular
time of day. The time required to prepare spells is the same as it is for a
wizard (1 hour), as is the requirement for a relatively peaceful environment. A
divine spellcaster does not have to prepare all his spells at once. However, the
character’s mind is considered fresh only during his or her first daily
spell preparation, so a divine spellcaster cannot fill a slot that is empty
because he or she has cast a spell or abandoned a previously prepared
Divine spellcasters do not require spellbooks. However, such a
character’s spell selection is limited to the spells on the list for his
or her class. Clerics, druids, paladins, and rangers have separate spell lists.
A cleric also has access to two domains determined during his character
creation. Each domain gives him access to a domain spell at each spell level
from 1st to 9th, as well as a special granted power. With access to two domain
spells at each spell level—one from each of his two domains—a cleric
must prepare, as an extra domain spell, one or the other each day for each level
of spell he can cast. If a domain spell is not on the cleric spell list, it can
be prepared only in a domain spell slot.
Spell Slots: The character
class tables show how many spells of each level a character can cast per
These openings for daily spells are called spell slots. A spellcaster
always has the option to fill a higher-level spell slot with a lower level
spell. A spellcaster who lacks a high enough ability score to cast spells that
would otherwise be his or her due still gets the slots but must fill them with
spells of lower level.
Recent Casting Limit: As with arcane spells,
at the time of preparation any spells cast within the previous 8 hours count
against the number of spells that can be prepared.
Spontaneous Casting of
Cure and Inflict Spells: A good cleric (or a cleric of a good
deity) can spontaneously cast a cure spell in place of a prepared spell
of the same level or higher, but not in place of a domain spell. An evil cleric
(or a cleric of an evil deity) can spontaneously cast an inflict spell in
place of a prepared spell (one that is not a domain spell) of the same level or
higher. Each neutral cleric of a neutral deity either spontaneously casts
cure spells like a good cleric or inflict spells like an evil one,
depending on which option the player chooses when creating the character. The
divine energy of the spell that the cure or inflict spell
substitutes for is converted into the cure or inflict spell as if
that spell had been prepared all along.
Spontaneous Casting of Summon
Nature’s Ally Spells: A druid can spontaneously cast a summon
nature’s ally spell in place of a prepared spell of the same level or
higher. The divine energy of the spell that the summon nature’s ally
spell substitutes for is converted into the summon spell as if that
spell had been prepared all along.
DIVINE MAGICAL WRITINGS
spells can be written down and deciphered just as arcane spells can (see Arcane
Magical Writings, above). Any character with the Spellcraft skill can attempt to
decipher the divine magical writing and identify it. However, only characters
who have the spell in question (in its divine form) on their class spell list
can cast a divine spell from a scroll.
NEW DIVINE SPELLS
spellcasters most frequently gain new spells in one of the following two
Spells Gained at a New Level: Characters who can cast divine
spells undertake a certain amount of study between adventures. Each time such a
character receives a new level of divine spells, he or she learns new spells
from that level automatically.
Independent Research: A divine
spellcaster also can research a spell independently, much as an arcane
spellcaster can. Only the creator of such a spell can prepare and cast it,
unless he decides to share it with others.
Spell-Like Abilities: Usually, a spell-like ability
works just like the spell of that name. A few spell-like abilities are unique;
these are explained in the text where they are described.
ability has no verbal, somatic, or material component, nor does it require a
focus or have an XP cost. The user activates it mentally. Armor never affects a
spell-like ability’s use, even if the ability resembles an arcane spell
with a somatic component.
A spell-like ability has a casting time of 1
standard action unless noted otherwise in the ability or spell description. In
all other ways, a spell-like ability functions just like a spell.
abilities are subject to spell resistance and to being dispelled by dispel
magic. They do not function in areas where magic is suppressed or negated.
Spell-like abilities cannot be used to counterspell, nor can they be
Some creatures are actually sorcerers of a sort. They cast
arcane spells as sorcerers do, using components when required. In fact, an
individual creature could have some spell-like abilities and also cast other
spells as a sorcerer.
Supernatural Abilities: These abilities cannot
be disrupted in combat, as spells can, and they generally do not provoke attacks
of opportunity. Supernatural abilities are not subject to spell resistance,
counterspells, or to being dispelled by dispel magic, and do not function
in areas where magic is suppressed or negated.
Abilities: These abilities cannot be disrupted in combat, as spells can, and
they generally do not provoke attacks of opportunity. Effects or areas that
negate or disrupt magic have no effect on extraordinary abilities. They are not
subject to dispelling, and they function normally in an antimagic field.
Indeed, extraordinary abilities do not qualify as magical, though they may
break the laws of physics.
Natural Abilities: This category includes
abilities a creature has because of its physical nature. Natural abilities are
those not otherwise designated as extraordinary, supernatural, or