This material is Open Game Content, and is licensed for public use under the terms of the Open Game License v1.0a.
MONSTERS (Dr-Dw)

DRAGON, TRUE
The known varieties of true dragons (as opposed to other creatures that have the dragon type) fall into two broad categories: chromatic and metallic. The chromatic dragons are black, blue, green, red, and white; they are all evil and extremely fierce. The metallic dragons are brass, bronze, copper, gold, and silver; they are all good, usually noble, and highly respected by the wise.
All true dragons gain more abilities and greater power as they age. (Other creatures that have the dragon type do not.) They range in length from several feet upon hatching to more than 100 feet after attaining the status of great wyrm. The size of a particular dragon varies according to age and variety.
A dragon’s metabolism operates like a highly efficient furnace and can metabolize even inorganic material. Some dragons have developed a taste for such fare.
Although goals and ideals vary among varieties, all dragons are covetous. They like to hoard wealth, collecting mounds of coins and gathering as many gems, jewels, and magic items as possible. Those with large hoards are loath to leave them for long, venturing out of their lairs only to patrol the immediate area or to get food. For dragons, there is no such thing as enough treasure. It’s pleasing to look at, and they bask in its radiance. Dragons like to make beds of their hoards, shaping nooks and mounds to fit their bodies. By the time a dragon matures to the age of great wyrm, hundreds of gems and coins may be imbedded in its hide.
All dragons speak Draconic.
COMBAT
A dragon attacks with its powerful claws and bite, and can also use a breath weapon and special physical attacks, depending on its size. It prefers to fight on the wing, staying out of reach until it has worn down the enemy with ranged attacks. Older, more intelligent dragons are adept at sizing up the opposition and eliminating the most dangerous foes first (or avoiding them while picking off weaker enemies).
The table below provides space and reach statistics for dragons of various sizes, plus the natural weapons a dragon of a certain size can employ and the damage those attacks deal.
Bite: Bite attacks deal the indicated damage plus the dragon’s Strength bonus. A dragon also can use its bite to snatch opponents if it has the Snatch feat.
Claw: Claw attacks deal the indicated damage plus 1/2 the dragon’s Strength bonus (round down). The dragon also can use its claws to snatch opponents if it has the Snatch feat. Claw attacks are secondary attacks, requiring a –5 penalty on the attack roll. (Many dragons choose the Multiattack feat to lessen this penalty to –2).
Wing: The dragon can slam opponents with its wings, even when flying. Wing attacks deal the indicated damage plus 1/2 the dragon’s Strength bonus (round down) and are treated as secondary attacks.
Tail Slap: The dragon can slap one opponent each round with its tail. A tail slap deals the indicated damage plus 1-1/2 times the dragon’s Strength bonus (round down) and is treated as a secondary attack.
Crush (Ex): This special attack allows a flying or jumping dragon of at least Huge size to land on opponents as a standard action, using its whole body to crush them. Crush attacks are effective only against opponents three or more size categories smaller than the dragon (though it can attempt normal overrun or grapple attacks against larger opponents).
A crush attack affects as many creatures as can fit under the dragon’s body. Creatures in the affected area must succeed on a Reflex save (DC equal to that of the dragon’s breath weapon) or be pinned, automatically taking bludgeoning damage during the next round unless the dragon moves off them. If the dragon chooses to maintain the pin, treat it as a normal grapple attack. Pinned opponents take damage from the crush each round if they don’t escape.
A crush attack deals the indicated damage plus 1-1/2 times the dragon’s Strength bonus (round down).
Tail Sweep (Ex): This special attack allows a dragon of at least Gargantuan size to sweep with its tail as a standard action. The sweep affects a half-circle with a radius of 30 feet (or 40 feet for a Colossal dragon), extending from an intersection on the edge of the dragon’s space in any direction. Creatures within the swept area are affected if they are four or more size categories smaller than the dragon. A tail sweep automatically deals the indicated damage plus 1-1/2 times the dragon’s Strength bonus (round down). Affected creatures can attempt Reflex saves to take half damage (DC equal to that of the dragon’s breath weapon).
Grappling: Dragons do not favor grapple attacks, though their crush attack (and Snatch feat, if they know it) use normal grapple rules. A dragon can always use its breath weapon while grappling, as well as its spells and spell-like or supernatural abilities, provided it succeeds on Concentration checks.
Breath Weapon (Su): Using a breath weapon is a standard action. Once a dragon breathes, it can’t breathe again until 1d4 rounds later. If a dragon has more than one type of breath weapon, it still can breathe only once every 1d4 rounds. A blast from a breath weapon always starts at any intersection adjacent to the dragon and extends in a direction of the dragon’s choice, with an area as noted on the table below. If the breath weapon deals damage, creatures caught in the area can attempt Reflex saves to take half damage; the DC depends on the dragon’s age and variety, and is given in each individual entry. Saves against nondamaging breath weapons use the same DC; the kind of saving throw is noted in the variety descriptions. The save DC against a breath weapon is 10 + 1/2 dragon’s HD + dragon’s Con modifier.
Breath weapons come in two basic shapes, line and cone, whose areas vary with the dragon’s size.
Dragon Breath Weapons
Dragon Size
Line* (Length)
Cone** (Length)
Tiny
30 ft.
15 ft.
Small
40 ft.
20 ft.
Medium
60 ft.
30 ft.
Large
80 ft.
40 ft.
Huge
100 ft.
50 ft.
Gargantuan
120 ft.
60 ft.
Colossal
140 ft.
70 ft.
*A line is always 5 feet high and 5 feet wide.
**A cone is as high and wide as its length.
Frightful Presence (Ex): A young adult or older dragon can unsettle foes with its mere presence. The ability takes effect automatically whenever the dragon attacks, charges, or flies overhead. Creatures within a radius of 30 feet x the dragon’s age category are subject to the effect if they have fewer HD than the dragon. A potentially affected creature that succeeds on a Will save (DC 10 + 1/2 dragon’s HD + dragon’s Cha modifier) remains immune to that dragon’s frightful presence for 24 hours. On a failure, creatures with 4 or less HD become panicked for 4d6 rounds and those with 5 or more HD become shaken for 4d6 rounds. Dragons ignore the frightful presence of other dragons.
Spells: A dragon knows and casts arcane spells as a sorcerer of the level indicated in its variety description, gaining bonus spells for a high Charisma score. Some dragons can also cast spells from the cleric list or cleric domain lists as arcane spells.
Spell-Like Abilities: A dragon’s spell-like abilities depend on its age and variety. It gains the abilities indicated for its age plus all previous ones. Its age category or its sorcerer caster level, whichever is higher, is the caster level for these abilities. The save DC is 10 + dragon’s Cha modifier + spell level. All spell-like abilities are usable once per day unless otherwise noted.
Damage Reduction: Young adult and older dragons have damage reduction. Their natural weapons are treated as magic weapons for the purpose of overcoming damage reduction.
Immunities (Ex): All dragons have immunity to sleep and paralysis effects. Each variety of dragon has immunity to one or two additional forms of attack no matter what its age, as given in its description.
Spell Resistance (Ex): As dragons age, they become more resistant to spells and spell-like abilities, as indicated in the variety descriptions.
Blindsense (Ex): Dragons can pinpoint creatures within a distance of 60 feet. Opponents the dragon can’t actually see still have total concealment against the dragon.
Keen Senses (Ex): A dragon sees four times as well a human in shadowy illumination and twice as well in normal light. It also has darkvision out to 120 feet.
Skills: All dragons have skill points equal to (6 + Int modifier, minimum 1) x (Hit Dice + 3). Most dragons purchase the following skills at the maximum ranks possible: Listen, Search, and Spot. The remaining skill points are generally spent on Concentration, Diplomacy, Escape Artist, Intimidate, Knowledge (any), Sense Motive, and Use Magic Device at a cost of 1 skill point per rank. All these skills are considered class skills for dragons. (Each dragon has other class skills as well, as noted in the variety descriptions.)
Feats: All dragons have one feat, plus additional feats based on Hit Dice just like any other creature. Dragons favor Alertness, Blind-Fight, Cleave, Flyby Attack, Hover, Improved Initiative, Improved Sunder, Power Attack, Snatch, Weapon Focus (claw or bite), Wingover, and any metamagic feat that is available and useful to sorcerers.

Dragon Age Categories
Category
Age (Years)
1 Wyrmling
0–5
2 Very young
6–15
3 Young
16–25
4 Juvenile
26–50
5 Young adult
51–100
6 Adult
101–200
7 Mature adult
201–400
8 Old
401–600
9 Very old
601–800
10 Ancient
801–1,000
11 Wyrm
1,001–1,200
12 Great wyrm
1,201 or more

Dragon Space/Reach, Attacks, and Damage
Size
Space/Reach*
1 Bite
2 Claws
2 Wings
1 Tail Slap
1Crush
1 Tail Sweep
Tiny
2-1/2 ft./0 ft. (5 ft. with bite)
1d4
1d3




Small
5 ft./5 ft.
1d6
1d4




Medium
5 ft./5 ft.
1d8
1d6
1d4



Large
10 ft./5 ft. (10 ft. with bite)
2d6
1d8
1d6
1d8


Huge
15 ft./10 ft. (15 ft. with bite)
2d8
2d6
1d8
2d6
2d8

Gargantuan
20 ft./15 ft. (20 ft. with bite)
4d6
2d8
2d6
2d8
4d6
2d6
Colossal
30 ft./20 ft. (30 ft. with bite)
4d8
4d6
2d8
4d6
4d8
2d8
*A dragon’s bite attack has reach as if the creature were one size category larger. All other attacks are made with the standard reach for the dragon’s size.

Dragon Overland Movement
Chromatic and metallic dragons are exceedingly strong flyers and can cover vast distances quickly. A dragon’s overland flying speed is a function of its tactical fly speed, as shown on the table below.
Dragon Overland Flying Speeds

————— Dragon’s Fly Speed —————

100 feet
150 feet
200 feet
250 feet
One Hour




Normal
15 miles
20 miles
30 miles
40 miles
Hustle
24 miles
40 miles
60 miles
80 miles
One Day




Normal
120 miles
160 miles
240 miles
320 miles
Dragons do not tire as quickly as other creatures when moving overland on the ground. If a dragon attempts a hustle or a forced march, check for nonlethal damage once every 2 hours instead of every hour.
DRAGONHIDE
Armorsmiths can work with the hides of dragons to produce armor or shields of masterwork quality.

CHROMATIC DRAGONS
Chromatic dragons form the evil branch of dragonkind. They are aggressive, greedy, vain, and nasty.

BLACK DRAGON
Dragon (Water)
Environment: Warm marshes
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Rating: Wyrmling 3; very young 4; young 5; juvenile 7; young adult 9; adult 11; mature adult 14; old 16; very old 18; ancient 19; wyrm 20; great wyrm 22
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always chaotic evil
Advancement: Wyrmling 5–6 HD; very young 8–9 HD; young 11–12 HD; juvenile 14–15 HD; young adult 17–18 HD; adult 20–21 HD; mature adult 23–24 HD; old 26–27 HD; very old 29–30 HD; ancient 32–33 HD; wyrm 35–36 HD; great wyrm 38+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +3; very young +3; young +3; juvenile +4; others —

Black Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
T
4d12+4 (30)
11
10
13
8
11
8
+4/–4
+6
+5
+4
+4
2d4 (13)

Very young
S
7d12+7 (52)
13
10
13
8
11
8
+7/+4
+9
+6
+5
+5
4d4 (14)

Young
M
10d12+20 (85)
15
10
15
10
11
10
+10/+12
+12
+9
+7
+7
6d4 (17)

Juvenile
M
13d12+26 (110)
17
10
15
10
11
10
+13/+16
+16
+10
+8
+8
8d4 (18)

Young adult
L
16d12+48 (152)
19
10
17
12
13
12
+16/+24
+19
+13
+10
+11
10d4 (21)
19
Adult
L
19d12+76 (199)
23
10
19
12
13
12
+19/+29
+24
+15
+11
+12
12d4 (23)
20
Mature adult
H
22d12+110 (253)
27
10
21
14
15
14
+22/+38
+28
+18
+13
+15
14d4 (26)
23
Old
H
25d12+125 (287)
29
10
21
14
15
14
+25/+42
+32
+19
+14
+16
16d4 (27)
24
Very old
H
28d12+168 (350)
31
10
23
16
17
16
+28/+46
+36
+22
+16
+19
18d4 (30)
27
Ancient
H
31d12+186 (387)
33
10
23
16
17
16
+31/+50
+40
+23
+17
+20
20d4 (31)
28
Wyrm
G
34d12+238 (459)
35
10
25
18
19
18
+34/+58
+42
+26
+19
+23
22d4 (34)
31
Great wyrm
G
37d12+296 (536)
37
10
27
20
21
20
+37/+62
+46
+28
+20
+25
24d4 (36)
33

Black Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
60 ft., fly 100 ft. (average), swim 60 ft.
+0
15 (+2 size,+3 natural), touch 12, flat-footed 15
Immunity to acid, water breathing


Very young
60 ft., fly 100 ft. (average), swim 60 ft.
+0
17 (+1 size,+6 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 17



Young
60 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
19 (+9 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 19



Juvenile
60 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
22 (+12 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 22
Darkness


Young adult
60 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
24 (–1 size,+15 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 24
DR 5/magic
1st
17
Adult
60 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
27 (–1 size,+18 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 27
Corrupt water
3rd
18
Mature adult
60 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
29 (–2 size,+21 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 29
DR 10/magic
5th
21
Old
60 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
32 (–2 size,+24 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 32
Plant growth
7th
22
Very old
60 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
35 (–2 size,+27 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 35
DR 15/magic
9th
23
Ancient
60 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
38 (–2 size,+30 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 38
Insect plague
11th
25
Wyrm
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
39 (–4 size,+33 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 39
DR 20/magic
13th
26
Great wyrm
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
42 (–4 size,+36 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 42
Charm reptiles
15th
28
Black dragon are sometimes known as skull dragons because of their skeletal faces. Adding to the skeletal impression is the gradual deterioration of the hide around the base of the horn and the cheekbones. This deterioration increases with age and does not harm the dragon. On hatching, a black dragon’s scales are thin, small, and glossy. As the dragon ages, they become larger, thicker, and duller, helping it camouflage itself in swamps and marshes.
Black dragons are especially fond of coins. Older dragons sometimes capture and question humanoids about stockpiles of gold, silver, and platinum coins before killing them.
Combat
Black dragons prefer to ambush their targets, using their surroundings as cover. When fighting in heavily forested swamps and marshes, they try to stay in the water or on the ground; trees and leafy canopies limit their aerial maneuverability. When outmatched, a black dragon attempts to fly out of sight, so as not to leave tracks, and hide in a deep pond or bog.
Breath Weapon (Su): A black dragon has one type of breath weapon, a line of acid.
Water Breathing (Ex): A black dragon can breathe underwater indefinitely and can freely use its breath weapon, spells, and other abilities while submerged.
Corrupt Water (Sp): Once per day an adult or older black dragon can stagnate 10 cubic feet of water, making it become still, foul, and unable to support animal life. The ability spoils liquids containing water. Magic items (such as potions) and items in a creature’s possession must succeed on a Will save (DC equal to that of the dragon’s frightful presence) or become fouled. This ability is the equivalent of a 1st-level spell. Its range is equal to that of the dragon’s frightful presence.
Charm Reptiles (Sp): A great wyrm black dragon can use this ability three times per day. It works as a mass charm spell that affects only reptilian animals. The dragon can communicate with any charmed reptiles as though casting a speak with animals spell. This ability is the equivalent of a 1st-level spell.
Other Spell-Like Abilities: 3/day—darkness (juvenile or older; radius 10 feet per age category), insect plague (ancient or older); 1/day—plant growth (old or older).
Skills: Hide, Move Silently, and Swim are considered class skills for black dragons.

BLUE DRAGON
Dragon (Earth)
Environment: Temperate deserts
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 3; very young 4; young 6; juvenile 8; young adult 11; adult 14; mature adult 16; old 18; very old 19; ancient 21; wyrm 23; great wyrm 25
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always lawful evil
Advancement: Wyrmling 7–8 HD; very young 10–11 HD; young 13–14 HD; juvenile 16–17 HD; young adult 19–20 HD; adult 22–23 HD; mature adult 25–26 HD; old 28–29 HD; very old 31–32 HD; ancient 34–35 HD; wyrm 37–38 HD; great wyrm 40+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +4; very young +4; young +5; others —

Blue Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
S
6d12+6 (45)
13
10
13
10
11
10
+6/+3
+8
+6
+5
+5
2d8 (14)

Very young
M
9d12+18 (76)
15
10
15
10
11
10
+9/+11
+11
+8
+6
+6
4d8 (16)

Young
M
12d12+24 (102)
17
10
15
12
13
12
+12/+15
+15
+10
+8
+9
6d8 (18)

Juvenile
L
15d12+45 (142)
19
10
17
14
15
14
+15/+23
+18
+12
+9
+11
8d8 (20)

Young adult
L
18d12+72 (189)
23
10
19
14
15
14
+18/+28
+23
+15
+11
+13
10d8 (23)
21
Adult
H
21d12+105 (241)
27
10
21
16
17
16
+21/+37
+27
+17
+12
+15
12d8 (25)
23
Mature adult
H
24d12+120 (276)
29
10
21
16
17
16
+24/+41
+31
+19
+14
+17
14d8 (27)
25
Old
H
27d12+162 (337)
31
10
23
18
19
18
+27/+45
+35
+21
+15
+19
16d8 (29)
27
Very old
H
30d12+180 (375)
33
10
23
18
19
18
+30/+49
+39
+23
+17
+21
18d8 (31)
29
Ancient
G
33d12+231 (445)
35
10
25
20
21
20
+33/+57
+41
+25
+18
+23
20d8 (33)
31
Wyrm
G
36d12+288 (522)
37
10
27
20
21
20
+36/+61
+45
+28
+20
+25
22d8 (36)
33
Great wyrm
G
39d12+312 (565)
39
10
27
22
23
22
+39/+65
+49
+29
+21
+27
24d8 (37)
35

Blue Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 100 ft. (average)
+0
16 (+1 size, +5 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 16
Immunity to electricity, create/destroy water


Very young
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
18 (+8 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 18



Young
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
21 (+11 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 21



Juvenile
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
23 (–1 size, +14 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 23
Sound imitation
1st

Young adult
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
26 (–1 size, +17 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 26
DR 5/magic
3rd
19
Adult
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
28 (–2 size, +20 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 28
Ventriloquism
5th
21
Mature adult
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
31 (–2 size, +23 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 31
DR 10/magic
7th
22
Old
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
34 (–2 size, +26 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 34
Hallucinatory terrain
9th
24
Very old
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
37 (–2 size, +29 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 37
DR 15/magic
11th
25
Ancient
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
38 (–4 size, +32 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 38
Veil
13th
27
Wyrm
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
41 (–4 size, +35 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 41
DR 20/magic
15th
29
Great wyrm
40 ft., burrow 20 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
44 (–4 size, +38 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 44
Mirage arcana
17th
31
*Can also cast cleric spells and those from the Air, Evil, and Law domains as arcane spells.
A blue dragon’s scales vary in color from an iridescent azure to a deep indigo, polished to a glossy finish by blowing desert sands. The size of its scales increases little as the dragon ages, although they do become thicker and harder. Its hide tends to hum and crackle faintly with built-up static electricity. These effects intensify when the dragon is angry or about to attack, giving off an odor of ozone and sand. Their vibrant color makes blue dragons easy to spot in barren desert surroundings. However, they often burrow into the sand so only part of their heads are exposed.
Blue dragons love to soar in the hot desert air, usually flying in the daytime when temperatures are highest. Some nearly match the color of the desert sky and use this coloration to their advantage.
Blue dragons lair in vast underground caverns, where they also store their treasure. Although they collect anything that looks valuable, they are most fond of gems—especially sapphires.
Combat
Typically, blue dragons attack from above or burrow beneath the sands until opponents come within 100 feet. Older dragons use their special abilities, such as hallucinatory terrain, in concert with these tactics to mask the land and improve their chances to surprise the target. Blue dragons run from a fight only if they are severely damaged, since they view retreat as cowardly.
Breath Weapon (Su): A blue dragon has one type of breath weapon, a line of lightning.
Create/Destroy Water (Sp): A blue dragon of any age can use this ability three times per day. It works like the create water spell, except that the dragon can decide to destroy water instead of creating it, which automatically spoils unattended liquids containing water. Magic items (such as potions) and items in a creature’s possession must succeed on a Will save (DC equal to that of the dragon’s frightful presence) or be ruined. This ability is the equivalent of a 1st-level spell.
Sound Imitation (Ex): A juvenile or older blue dragon can mimic any voice or sound it has heard, anytime it likes. Listeners must succeed on a Will save (DC equal to that of the dragon’s frightful presence) to detect the ruse.
Other Spell-Like Abilities: 3/day—ventriloquism (adult or older); 1/day—hallucinatory terrain (old or older), veil (ancient or older), mirage arcana (great wyrm).
Skills: Bluff, Hide, and Spellcraft are considered class skills for blue dragons.

GREEN DRAGON
Dragon (Air)
Environment: Temperate forests
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 3; very young 4; young 5; juvenile 8; young adult 11; adult 13; mature adult 16; old 18; very old 19; ancient 21; wyrm 22; great wyrm 24
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always lawful evil
Advancement: Wyrmling 6–7 HD; very young 9–10 HD; young 12–13 HD; juvenile 15–16 HD; young adult 18–19 HD; adult 21–22 HD; mature adult 24–25 HD; old 27–28 HD; very old 30–31 HD; ancient 33–34 HD; wyrm 36–37 HD; great wyrm 39+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +5; very young +5; young +5; juvenile +6; others —

Green Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
S
5d12+5 (37)
13
10
13
10
11
10
+5/+2
+7
+5
+4
+4
2d6 (13)

Very young
M
8d12+16 (68)
15
10
15
10
11
10
+8/+10
+10
+8
+6
+6
4d6 (16)

Young
M
11d12+22 (93)
17
10
15
12
13
12
+11/+14
+14
+9
+7
+8
6d6 (17)

Juvenile
L
14d12+42 (133)
19
10
17
14
15
14
+14/+22
+17
+12
+9
+11
8d6 (20)

Young adult
L
17d12+68 (178)
23
10
19
14
15
14
+17/+27
+22
+14
+10
+12
10d6 (22)
20
Adult
H
20d12+100 (230)
27
10
21
16
17
16
+20/+36
+26
+17
+12
+15
12d6 (25)
23
Mature adult
H
23d12+115 (264)
29
10
21
16
17
16
+23/+40
+30
+18
+13
+16
14d6 (26)
24
Old
H
26d12+156 (325)
31
10
23
18
19
18
+26/+44
+34
+21
+15
+19
16d6 (29)
27
Very old
H
29d12+174 (362)
33
10
23
18
19
18
+29/+48
+38
+22
+16
+20
18d6 (30)
28
Ancient
G
32d12+224 (432)
35
10
25
20
21
20
+32/+56
+40
+25
+18
+23
20d6 (33)
31
Wyrm
G
35d12+280 (507)
37
10
27
20
21
20
+35/+60
+44
+27
+19
+24
22d6 (35)
32
Great wyrm
G
38d12+304 (551)
39
10
27
22
23
22
+38/+64
+48
+29
+21
+27
24d6 (37)
35

Green Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
40 ft., fly 100 ft. (average), swim 40 ft
+0
15 (+1 size, +4 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 15
Immunity to acid, water breathing


Very young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 40 ft
+0
17 (+7 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 17



Young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 40 ft
+0
20 (+10 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 20



Juvenile
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 40 ft
+0
22 (–1 size, +13 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 22
1st


Young adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 40 ft
+0
25 (–1 size, +16 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 25
DR 5/magic
3rd
19
Adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 40 ft
+0
27 (–2 size, +19 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 27
Suggestion
5th
21
Mature adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 40 ft
+0
30 (–2 size, +22 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 30
DR 10/magic
7th
22
Old
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 40 ft
+0
33 (–2 size, +25 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 33
Plant growth
9th
24
Very old
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 40 ft
+0
36 (–2 size, +28 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 36
DR 15/magic
11th
25
Ancient
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy), swim 40 ft
+0
37 (–4 size, +31 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 37
Dominate person
13th
27
Wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy), swim 40 ft
+0
40 (–4 size, +34 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 40
DR 20/magic
15th
28
Great wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy), swim 40 ft
+0
43 (–4 size, +37 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 43
Command plants
17th
30
A wyrmling green dragon’s scales are thin, very small, and a deep shade of green that appears nearly black. As the dragon ages, the scales grow larger and lighter, turning shades of forest, emerald, and olive green, which helps it blend in with its wooded surroundings.
Combat
Green dragons initiate fights with little or no provocation, picking on creatures of any size. If the target is intriguing or seems formidable, the dragon stalks the creature to determine the best time to strike and the most appropriate tactics to use. If the target appears weak, the dragon makes its presence known quickly—it enjoys
evoking terror. Sometimes the dragon elects to control a humanoid creature through intimidation and suggestion. Green dragons especially like to question adventurers to learn more about their society and abilities, what is going on in the countryside, and if there is treasure nearby.
Breath Weapon (Su): A green dragon has one type of breath weapon, a cone of corrosive (acid) gas.
Water Breathing (Ex): A green dragon can breathe underwater indefinitely and can freely use its breath weapon, spells, and other abilities while submerged.
Spell-Like Abilities: 3/day—suggestion (adult or older), dominate person (ancient or older); 1/day— plant growth (old or older), command plants (great wyrm).
Skills: Bluff, Hide, and Move Silently are considered class skills for green dragons.

RED DRAGON
Dragon (Fire)
Environment: Warm mountains
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 4; very young 5; young 7; juvenile 10; young adult 13; adult 15; mature adult 18; old 20; very old 21; ancient 23; wyrm 24; great wyrm 26
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always chaotic evil
Advancement: Wyrmling 8–9 HD; very young 11–12 HD; young 14–15 HD; juvenile 17–18 HD; young adult 20–21 HD; adult 23–24 HD; mature adult 26–27 HD; old 29–30 HD; very old 32–33 HD; ancient 35–36 HD; wyrm 38–39 HD; great wyrm 41+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +4; very young +5; young +6; others —

Red Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
M
7d12+14 (59)
17
10
15
10
11
10
+7/+10
+10
+7
+5
+5
2d10 (15)

Very young
L
10d12+30 (95)
21
10
17
12
13
12
+10/+19
+14
+10
+7
+8
4d10 (18)

Young
L
13d12+39 (123)
25
10
17
12
13
12
+13/+24
+19
+11
+8
+9
6d10 (19)

Juvenile
L
16d12+64 (168)
29
10
19
14
15
14
+16/+29
+24
+14
+10
+12
8d10 (22)

Young adult
H
19d12+95 (218)
31
10
21
14
15
14
+19/+37
+27
+16
+11
+13
10d10 (24)
21
Adult
H
22d12+110 (253)
33
10
21
16
19
16
+22/+41
+31
+18
+13
+17
12d10 (26)
24
Mature adult
H
25d12+150 (312)
33
10
23
18
19
18
+25/+44
+34
+20
+14
+18
14d10 (28)
26
Old
G
28d12+196 (378)
35
10
25
20
21
20
+28/+52
+36
+23
+16
+21
16d10 (31)
29
Very old
G
31d12+248 (449)
37
10
27
22
23
22
+31/+56
+40
+25
+17
+23
18d10 (33)
31
Ancient
G
34d12+306 (527)
39
10
29
24
25
24
+34/+60
+44
+28
+19
+26
20d10 (36)
34
Wyrm
G
37d12+370 (610)
41
10
31
24
25
24
+37/+64
+48
+30
+20
+27
22d10 (38)
35
Great wyrm
C
40d12+400 (660)
45
10
31
26
27
26
+40/+73
+49
+32
+22
+30
24d10 (40)
38

Red Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
16 (+6 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 16
Immunity to fire, vulnerability to cold


Very young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
18 (–1 size, +9 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 18



Young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
21 (–1 size, +12 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 21

1st

Juvenile
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
24 (–1 size, +15 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 24
Locate object
3rd

Young adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
26 (–2 size, +18 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 26
DR 5/magic
5th
19
Adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
29 (–2 size, +21 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 29

7th
21
Mature adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
32 (–2 size, +24 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 32
DR 10/magic
9th
23
Old
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
33 (–4 size, +27 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 33
Suggestion
11th
24
Very old
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
36 (–4 size, +30 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 36
DR 15/magic
13th
26
Ancient
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
39 (–4 size, +33 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 39
Find the path
15th
28
Wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
42 (–4 size, +36 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 42
DR 20/magic
17th
30
Great wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
41 (–8 size, +39 natural), touch 2, flat-footed 41
Discern location
19th
32
*Can also cast cleric spells and those from the Chaos, Evil, and Fire domains as arcane spells.
The small scales of a wyrmling red dragon are a bright glossy scarlet, making the dragon easily spotted by predators and hunters, so it stays underground and does not venture outside until it is more able to take care of itself. Toward the end of young age, the scales turn a deeper red, and the glossy texture is replaced by a smooth, dull finish. As the dragon grows older, the scales become large, thick, and as strong as metal. The neck frill and wings are an ash blue or purple-gray toward the edges, becoming darker with age. The pupils of a red dragon fade as it ages; the oldest red dragons have eyes that resemble molten lava orbs.
Combat
Because red dragons are so confident, they seldom pause to appraise an adversary. On spotting a target, they make a snap decision whether to attack, using one of many strategies worked out ahead of time. A red dragon lands to attack small, weak creatures with its claws and bite rather than obliterating them with its breath weapon, so as not to destroy any treasure they might be carrying.
Breath Weapon (Su): A red dragon has one type of breath weapon, a cone of fire.
Locate Object (Sp): A juvenile or older red dragon can use this ability as the spell of the same name, once per day per age category.
Other Spell-Like Abilities: 3/day—suggestion (old or older); 1/day—find the path (ancient or older), discern location (great wyrm).
Skills: Appraise, Bluff, and Jump are considered class skills for red dragons.

WHITE DRAGON
Dragon (Cold)
Environment: Cold mountains
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 2; very young 3; young 4; juvenile 6; young adult 8; adult 10; mature adult 12; old 15; very old 17; ancient 18; wyrm 19; great wyrm 21
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always chaotic evil
Advancement: Wyrmling 4–5 HD; very young 7–8 HD; young 10–11 HD; juvenile 13–14 HD; young adult 16–17 HD; adult 19–20 HD; mature adult 22–23 HD; old 25–26 HD; very old 28–29 HD; ancient 31–32 HD; wyrm 34–35 HD; great wyrm 37+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +2; very young +3; young +3; juvenile +5; others —

White Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
T
3d12+3 (22)
11
10
13
6
11
6
+3/–5
+5
+4
+3
+3
1d6 (12)

Very young
S
6d12+6 (45)
13
10
13
6
11
6
+6/+3
+8
+6
+5
+5
2d6 (14)

Young
M
9d12+18 (76)
15
10
15
6
11
6
+9/+11
+11
+8
+6
+6
3d6 (16)

Juvenile
M
12d12+24 (102)
17
10
15
8
11
8
+12/+15
+15
+10
+8
+8
4d6 (18)

Young adult
L
15d12+45 (142)
19
10
17
8
11
10
+15/+23
+18
+12
+9
+9
5d6 (20)
17
Adult
L
18d12+72 (189)
23
10
19
10
11
12
+18/+28
+23
+15
+11
+11
6d6 (23)
20
Mature adult
H
21d12+105 (241)
27
10
21
12
13
12
+21/+37
+27
+17
+12
+13
7d6 (25)
21
Old
H
24d12+120 (276)
29
10
21
12
13
12
+24/+41
+31
+19
+14
+15
8d6 (27)
23
Very old
H
27d12+162 (337)
31
10
23
14
15
14
+27/+45
+35
+21
+15
+17
9d6 (29)
25
Ancient
H
30d12+180 (375)
33
10
23
14
15
14
+30/+49
+39
+23
+17
+19
10d6 (31)
27
Wyrm
G
33d12+231 (445)
35
10
25
14
15
16
+33/+57
+41
+25
+18
+20
11d6 (33)
29
Great wyrm
G
36d12+288 (522)
37
10
27
18
19
18
+36/+61
+45
+28
+20
+24
12d6 (36)
32

White Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 150 ft. (average), swim 60 ft.
+0
14 (+2 size, +2 natural), touch 12, flat-footed 14
Icewalking, immunity to cold, vulnerability to fire


Very young
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 150 ft. (average), swim 60 ft.
+0
16 (+1 size, +5 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 16



Young
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
18 (+8 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 18



Juvenile
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
21 (+11 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 21
Fog cloud


Young adult
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
23 (–1 size, +14 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 23
DR 5/magic

16
Adult
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
26 (–1 size, +17 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 26
Gust of wind
1st
18
Mature adult
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
28 (–2 size, +20 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 28
DR 10/magic
3rd
20
Old
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
31 (–2 size, +23 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 31
Freezing fog
5th
21
Very old
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
34 (–2 size, +26 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 34
DR 15/magic
7th
23
Ancient
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
37 (–2 size, +29 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 37
Wall of ice
9th
24
Wyrm
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
38 (–4 size, +32 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 38
DR 20/magic
11th
25
Great wyrm
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
41 (–4 size, +35 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 41
Control weather
13th
27
The scales of a wyrmling white dragon glisten like mirrors. As the dragon ages, the sheen disappears, and by very old age, scales of pale blue and light gray are mixed in with the white.
Combat
White dragons prefer sudden assaults, swooping down from aloft or bursting from beneath water, snow, or ice. They loose their breath weapon, then try to knock out a single opponent with a follow-up attack.
Breath Weapon (Su): A white dragon has one type of breath weapon, a cone of cold.
Icewalking (Ex): This ability works like the spider climb spell, but the surfaces the dragon climbs must be icy. It is always in effect.
Freezing Fog (Sp): An old or older white dragon can use this ability three times per day. It is similar to a solid fog spell but also causes a rime of slippery ice to form on any surface the fog touches, creating the effect of a grease spell. The dragon is immune to the grease effect because of its icewalking ability. This ability is the equivalent of a 5th-level spell.
Other Spell-Like Abilities: 3/day—fog cloud (juvenile or older), gust of wind (adult or older), wall of ice (ancient or older); 1/day—control weather (great wyrm).
Skills: Hide, Move Silently, and Swim are considered class skills for white dragons.

METALLIC DRAGONS
Metallic dragons make up the good branch of dragonkind, but they are every bit as aggressive as their evil cousins when threatened or challenged. They also tend to be covetous and proud.

BRASS DRAGON
Dragon (Fire)
Environment: Warm deserts
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 3; very young 4; young 6; juvenile 8; young adult 10; adult 12; mature adult 15; old 17; very old 19; ancient 20; wyrm 21; great wyrm 23
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always chaotic good
Advancement: Wyrmling 5–6 HD; very young 8–9 HD; young 11–12 HD; juvenile 14–15 HD; young adult 17–18 HD; adult 20–21 HD; mature adult 23–24 HD; old 26–27 HD; very old 29–30 HD; ancient 32–33 HD; wyrm 35–36 HD; great wyrm 38+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +2; very young +3; young +4; juvenile +4; others —

Brass Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
T
4d12+4 (30)
11
10
13
10
11
10
+4/–4
+6
+5
+4
+4
1d6 (13)

Very young
S
7d12+7 (52)
13
10
13
10
11
10
+7/+4
+9
+6
+5
+5
2d6 (14)

Young
M
10d12+20 (85)
15
10
15
12
13
12
+10/+12
+12
+9
+7
+8
3d6 (17)

Juvenile
M
13d12+26 (110)
17
10
15
12
13
12
+13/+16
+16
+10
+8
+9
4d6 (18)

Young adult
L
16d12+48 (152)
19
10
17
14
15
14
+16/+24
+19
+13
+10
+12
5d6 (21)
20
Adult
L
19d12+76 (199)
23
10
19
14
15
14
+19/+29
+24
+15
+11
+13
6d6 (23)
21
Mature adult
H
22d12+110 (253)
27
10
21
16
17
16
+22/+38
+28
+18
+13
+16
7d6 (26)
24
Old
H
25d12+125 (287)
29
10
21
16
17
16
+25/+42
+32
+19
+14
+17
8d6 (27)
25
Very old
H
28d12+168 (350)
31
10
23
18
19
18
+28/+46
+36
+22
+16
+20
9d6 (30)
28
Ancient
H
31d12+186 (387)
33
10
23
18
19
18
+31/+50
+40
+23
+17
+21
10d6 (31)
29
Wyrm
G
34d12+238 (459)
35
10
25
20
21
20
+34/+58
+42
+26
+19
+24
11d6 (34)
32
Great wyrm
G
37d12+296 (536)
37
10
27
20
21
20
+37/+62
+46
+28
+20
+25
12d6 (36)
33

Brass Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 150 ft. (average)
+0
15 (+2 size, +3 natural), touch 12, flat-footed 15
Immunity to fire, speak with animals, vulnerability to cold


Very young
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 150 ft. (average)
+0
17 (+1 size, +6 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 17



Young
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor)
+0
19 (+9 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 19

1st

Juvenile
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor)
+0
22 (+12 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 22
Endure elements
3rd

Young adult
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor)
+0
24 (–1 size, +15 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 24
DR 5/magic
5th
18
Adult
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor)
+0
27 (–1 size, +18 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 27
Suggestion
7th
20
Mature adult
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor)
+0
29 (–2 size, +21 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 29
DR 10/magic
9th
22
Old
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor)
+0
32 (–2 size, +24 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 32
Control winds
11th
24
Very old
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor)
+0
35 (–2 size, +27 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 35 DR
15/magic
13th
25
Ancient
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor)
+0
38 (–2 size, +30 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 38
Control weather
15th
27
Wyrm
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy)
+0
39 (–4 size, +33 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 39
DR 20/magic
17th
28
Great wyrm
60 ft., burrow 30 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy)
+0
42 (–4 size, +36 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 42
Summon djinni
19th
30
*Can also cast cleric spells and those from the Chaos and Knowledge domains as arcane spells.

At birth, a brass dragon’s scales are a dull, mottled brown. As the dragon gets older, the scales become more brassy until they reach a warm, burnished appearance. The grand head-plates of a brass dragon are smooth and metallic, and it sports bladed chin horns that grow sharper with age. Wings and frills are mottled green toward the edges, darkening with age. As the dragon grows older, its pupils fade until the eyes resemble molten metal orbs.
Combat
Brass dragons would rather talk than fight. If an intelligent creature tries to leave without engaging in conversation, the dragon might force compliance in a fit of pique, using suggestion or a dose of sleep gas. A creature put to sleep may wake to find itself pinned or buried to the neck in the sand until the dragon’s thirst for small talk is slaked. When faced with real danger, younger brass dragons fly out of sight, then hide by burrowing into the sand. Older dragons spurn this ploy but still prefer to have the advantage in combat.
Breath Weapon (Su): A brass dragon has two types of breath weapon, a line of fire and a cone of sleep. Creatures within the cone must succeed on a Will save or fall asleep, regardless of HD, for 1d6 rounds plus 1 round per age category of the dragon.
Spell-Like Abilities: At will—speak with animals; 3/day—endure elements (juvenile or older; radius 10 ft. x dragon’s age category); 1/day—suggestion (adult or older), control winds (old or older), control weather (ancient or older).
Summon Djinni (Sp): This ability, usable by a great wyrm brass dragon, works like a summon monster spell, except that it summons one djinni. This ability is the equivalent of a 7th-level spell.
Skills: Bluff, Gather Information, and Survival are considered class skills for brass dragons.

BRONZE DRAGON
Dragon (Water)
Environment: Temperate hills
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 3; very young 5; young 7; juvenile 9; young adult 12; adult 15; mature adult 17; old 19; very old 20; ancient 22; wyrm 23; great wyrm 25
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always lawful good
Advancement: Wyrmling 7–8 HD; very young 10–11 HD; young 13–14 HD; juvenile 16–17 HD; young adult 19–20 HD; adult 22–23 HD; mature adult 25–26 HD; old 28–29 HD; very old 31–32 HD; ancient 34–35 HD; wyrm 37–38 HD; great wyrm 40+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +4; very young +4; young +6; others —

Bronze Dragons by Age

Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
S
6d12+6 (45)
13
10
13
14
15
14
+6/+3
+8
+6
+5
+7
2d6 (14)

Very young
M
9d12+18 (76)
15
10
15
14
15
14
+9/+11
+11
+8
+6
+8
4d6 (16)

Young
M
12d12+24 (102)
17
10
15
16
17
16
+12/+15
+15
+10
+8
+11
6d6 (18)

Juvenile
L
15d12+45 (142)
19
10
17
18
19
18
+15/+23
+18
+12
+9
+13
8d6 (20)

Young adult
L
18d12+72 (189)
23
10
19
18
19
18
+18/+28
+23
+15
+11
+15
10d6 (23)
23
Adult
H
21d12+105 (241)
27
10
21
20
21
20
+21/+37
+27
+17
+12
+17
12d6 (25)
25
Mature adult
H
24d12+120 (276)
29
10
21
20
21
20
+24/+41
+31
+19
+14
+19
14d6 (27)
27
Old
H
27d12+162 (337)
31
10
23
22
23
22
+27/+45
+35
+21
+15
+21
16d6 (29)
29
Very old
H
30d12+180 (375)
33
10
23
22
23
22
+30/+49
+39
+23
+17
+23
18d6 (31)
31
Ancient
G
33d12+231 (445)
35
10
25
24
25
24
+33/+57
+41
+25
+18
+25
20d6 (33)
33
Wyrm
G
36d12+288 (522)
37
10
27
26
27
26
+36/+61
+45
+28
+20
+28
22d6 (36)
36
Great wyrm
G
39d12+312 (565)
39
10
27
26
27
26
+39/+65
+49
+29
+21
+29
24d6 (37)
37

Bronze Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
40 ft., fly 100 ft. (average), swim 60 ft.
+0
16 (+1 size, +5 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 16
Immunity to electricity, water breathing, speak with animals


Very young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
18 (+8 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 18



Young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
21 (+11 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 21
Alternate form
1st

Juvenile
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
23 (–1 size, +14 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 23

3rd

Young adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
26 (–1 size, +17 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 26
DR 5/magic
5th
20
Adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
28 (–2 size, +20 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 28
Create food and water, fog cloud
7th
22
Mature adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
31 (–2 size, +23 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 31
DR 10/magic
9th
23
Old
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
34 (–2 size, +26 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 34
Detect thoughts
11th
25
Very old
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
37 (–2 size, +29 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 37
DR 15/magic
13th
26
Ancient
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
38 (–4 size, +32 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 38
Control water
15th
28
Wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
41 (–4 size, +35 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 41
DR 20/magic
17th
29
Great wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
44 (–4 size, +38 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 44
Control weather
19th
31
*Can also cast cleric spells and those from the Animal, Law, and Water domains as arcane spells.
A bronze wyrmling’s scales are yellow tinged with green, showing only a hint of bronze. As the dragon approaches adulthood, its color deepens slowly to a darker, rich bronze tone. Very old dragons develop a blue-black tint to the edges of their scales. Powerful swimmers, they have webbed feet and smooth, flat scales. The pupils of its eyes fade as a dragon ages, until in the oldest the eyes resemble glowing green orbs.
Combat
Bronze dragons dislike killing animals and would rather bribe them (perhaps with food) or force them away magically. They use detect thoughts to learn intelligent creatures’ intentions.
When attacking they blind their opponents with fog cloud and then charge or, if flying, snatch them up. Against seafaring opponents they conjure up a storm or use their tails to smash the vessels’ hulls. If a dragon is inclined to be lenient, ships might be merely becalmed, fogbound, or broken-masted.
Breath Weapon (Su): Bronze dragons have two types of breath weapon, a line of lightning and a cone of repulsion gas. Creatures within the cone must succeed on a Will save or be compelled to do nothing but move away from the dragon for 1d6 rounds plus 1 round per age category of the dragon. This is a mind-affecting compulsion enchantment effect.
Water Breathing (Ex): A bronze dragon can breathe underwater indefinitely and can freely use its breath weapon, spells, and other abilities while submerged.
Alternate Form (Su): A young or older bronze dragon can assume any animal or humanoid form of Medium size or smaller as a standard action three times per day. This ability functions as a polymorph spell cast on itself at its caster level, except that the dragon does not regain hit points for changing form and can only assume the form of an animal or humanoid. The dragon can remain in its animal or humanoid form until it chooses to assume a new one or return to its natural form.
Spell-Like Abilities: At will—speak with animals; 3/day—create food and water (adult or older), fog cloud (adult or older), detect thoughts (old or older), control water (ancient or older); 1/day—control weather (great wyrm).
Skills: Disguise, Swim, and Survival are considered class skills for bronze dragons.

COPPER DRAGON
Dragon (Earth)
Environment: Warm hills
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 3; very young 5; young 7; juvenile 9; young adult 11; adult 14; mature adult 16; old 19; very old 20; ancient 22; wyrm 23; great wyrm 25
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always chaotic good
Advancement: Wyrmling 6–7 HD; very young 9–10 HD; young 12–13 HD; juvenile 15–16 HD; young adult 18–19 HD; adult 21–22 HD; mature adult 24–25 HD; old 27–28 HD; very old 30–31 HD; ancient 33–34 HD; wyrm 36–37 HD; great wyrm 39+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +2; very young +3; young +4; juvenile +4; others —

Copper Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
T
5d12+5 (37)
11
10
13
12
13
12
+5/–3
+7
+5
+4
+5
2d4 (13)

Very young
S
8d12+8 (60)
13
10
13
12
13
12
+8/+5
+10
+7
+6
+7
4d4 (15)

Young
M
11d12+22 (93)
15
10
15
14
15
14
+11/+13
+13
+9
+7
+9
6d4 (17)

Juvenile
M
14d12+28 (119)
17
10
15
14
15
14
+14/+17
+17
+11
+9
+11
8d4 (19)

Young adult
L
17d12+51 (161)
19
10
17
16
17
16
+17/+25
+20
+13
+10
+13
10d4 (21)
21
Adult
L
20d12+80 (210)
23
10
19
16
17
16
+20/+30
+25
+16
+12
+15
12d4 (24)
23
Mature adult
H
23d12+115 (264)
27
10
21
18
19
18
+23/+39
+29
+18
+13
+17
14d4 (26)
25
Old
H
26d12+130 (299)
29
10
21
18
19
18
+26/+43
+33
+20
+15
+19
16d4 (28)
27
Very old
H
29d12+174 (362)
31
10
23
20
21
20
+29/+47
+37
+22
+16
+21
18d4 (30)
29
Ancient
H
32d12+192 (400)
33
10
23
20
21
20
+32/+51
+41
+24
+18
+23
20d4 (32)
31
Wyrm
G
35d12+245 (472)
35
10
25
22
23
22
+35/+59
+43
+26
+19
+25
22d4 (34)
33
Great wyrm
G
38d12+304 (551)
37
10
27
22
23
22
+38/+63
+47
+29
+21
+27
24d4 (37)
35

Copper Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
40 ft., fly 100 ft. (average)
+0
16 (+2 size, +4 natural), touch 12, flat-footed 16
Immunity to acid, spider climb


Very young
40 ft., fly 100 ft. (average)
+0
18 (+1 size, +7 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 18



Young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
20 (+10 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 20

1st

Juvenile
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
23 (+13 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 23

3rd

Young adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
25 (–1 size, +16 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 25
DR 5/magic
5th
19
Adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
28 (–1 size, +19 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 28
Stone shape
7th
21
Mature adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
30 (–2 size, +22 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 30
DR 10/magic
9th
23
Old
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
33 (–2 size, +25 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 33
Transmute rock to mud/mud to rock
11th
25
Very old
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
36 (–2 size, +28 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 36
DR 15/magic
13th
26
Ancient
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
39 (–2 size, +31 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 39
Wall of stone
15th
28
Wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
40 (–4 size, +34 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 40
DR 20/magic
17th
29
Great wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
43 (–4 size, +37 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 43
Move earth
19th
31
*Can also cast cleric spells and those from the Chaos, Earth, and Trickery domains as arcane spells.
At birth, a copper dragon’s scales have a ruddy brown color with a metallic tint. As the dragon gets older, the scales become finer and more coppery, assuming a soft, warm gloss by young adult age. Very old dragons’ scales pick up a green tint. A copper dragon’s pupils fade with age, and the eyes of great wyrms resemble glowing turquoise orbs.
Combat
A copper dragon appreciates wit and usually doesn’t harm creatures that can relate a joke, humorous story, or riddle the dragon has not heard before. It quickly gets annoyed with anyone who doesn’t laugh at its jokes or accept its tricks with good humor. It likes to taunt and annoy opponents into giving up or acting foolishly.
An angry copper dragon prefers to mire foes using transmute rock to mud. The dragon pushes trapped opponents into the mud or snatches and carries them aloft. A copper dragon tries to draw airborne enemies into narrow, stony gorges where it can use its spider climb ability and maneuver them into colliding with the walls.
Breath Weapon (Su): A copper dragon has two types of breath weapon, a line of acid and a cone of slow gas. Creatures within the cone must succeed on a Fortitude save or be slowed for 1d6 rounds plus 1 round per age category of the dragon.
Spider Climb (Ex): A copper dragon can climb on stone surfaces as though using the spider climb spell.
Spell-Like Abilities: 2/day—stone shape (adult or older); 1/day—transmute rock to mud or mud to rock (old or older), wall of stone (ancient or older), move earth (great wyrm).
Skills: Bluff, Hide, and Jump are considered class skills for copper dragons.

GOLD DRAGON
Dragon (Fire)
Environment: Warm plains
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 5; very young 7; young 9; juvenile 11; young adult 14; adult 16; mature adult 19; old 21; very old 22; ancient 24; wyrm 25; great wyrm 27
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always lawful good
Advancement: Wyrmling 9–10 HD; very young 12–13 HD; young 15–16 HD; juvenile 18–19 HD; young adult 21–22 HD; adult 24–25 HD; mature adult 27–28 HD; old 30–31 HD; very old 33–34 HD; ancient 36–37 HD; wyrm 39–40 HD; great wyrm 42+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +4; very young +5; young +6; others —

Gold Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
M
8d12+16 (68)
17
10
15
14
15
14
+8/+11
+11
+8
+6
+8
2d10 (16)

Very young
L
11d12+33 (104)
21
10
17
16
17
16
+11/+20
+15
+10
+7
+10
4d10 (18)

Young
L
14d12+42 (133)
25
10
17
16
17
16
+14/+25
+20
+12
+9
+12
6d10 (20)

Juvenile
L
17d12+68 (178)
29
10
19
18
19
18
+17/+30
+25
+14
+10
+14
8d10 (22)

Young adult
H
20d12+100 (230)
31
10
21
18
19
18
+20/+38
+28
+17
+12
+16
10d10 (25)
24
Adult
H
23d12+115 (264)
33
10
21
20
21
20
+23/+42
+32
+18
+13
+18
12d10 (26)
26
Mature adult
H
26d12+156 (325)
35
10
23
20
21
20
+26/+46
+36
+21
+15
+20
14d10 (29)
28
Old
G
29d12+203 (391)
39
10
25
24
25
24
+29/+55
+39
+23
+16
+23
16d10 (31)
31
Very old
G
32d12+256 (464)
41
10
27
26
27
26
+32/+59
+43
+26
+18
+26
18d10 (34)
34
Ancient
G
35d12+315 (542)
43
10
29
28
29
28
+35/+63
+47
+28
+19
+28
20d10 (36)
36
Wyrm
C
38d12+380 (627)
45
10
31
30
31
30
+38/+71
+47
+31
+21
+31
22d10 (39)
39
Great wyrm
C
41d12+451 (717)
47
10
33
32
33
32
+41/+75
+51
+33
+22
+33
24d10 (41)
41

Gold Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
17 (+7 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 17
Alternate form, immunity to fire, vulnerability to cold, water breathing


Very young
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
19 (–1 size, +10 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 19



Young
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
22 (–1 size, +13 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 22
1st


Juvenile
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
25 (–1 size, +16 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 25
Bless
3rd

Young adult
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
27 (–2 size, +19 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 27
DR 5/magic
5th
21
Adult
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
30 (–2 size, +22 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 30
Luck bonus
7th
23
Mature adult
60 ft., fly 200 ft. (poor), swim 60 ft.
+0
33 (–2 size, +25 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 33
DR 10/magic
9th
25
Old
60 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
34 (–4 size, +28 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 34
Geas/quest, detect gems
11th
27
Very old
60 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
37 (–4 size, +31 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 37
DR 15/magic
13th
28
Ancient
60 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
40 (–4 size, +34 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 40
Sunburst 15th
30

Wyrm
60 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
39 (–8 size, +37 natural), touch 2, flat-footed 39
DR 20/magic
17th
31
Great wyrm
60 ft., fly 250 ft. (clumsy), swim 60 ft.
+0
42 (–8 size, +40 natural), touch 2, flat-footed 42
Foresight
19th
33
*Can also cast cleric spells and those from the Law, Luck, and Good domains as arcane spells.
On hatching, a gold dragon’s scales are dark yellow with golden metallic flecks.
The flecks get larger as the dragon matures until, at the adult stage, the scales are completely golden. Gold dragons’ faces are bewhiskered and sagacious; as they age, their pupils fade until the eyes resemble pools of molten gold.
Combat
Gold dragons usually parley before fighting. When conversing with intelligent creatures, they use Intimidate and Sense Motive to gain the upper hand. In combat, they employ bless and their luck bonus; older dragons use their luck bonus at the start of each day. They make heavy use of spells in combat. Among their favorites are cloudkill, delayed blast fireball, fire shield, globe of invulnerability, maze, sleep, slow, and stinking cloud.
Breath Weapon (Su): A gold dragon has two types of breath weapon, a cone of fire and a cone of weakening gas. Creatures within a cone of weakening gas must succeed on a Fortitude save or take 1 point of Strength damage per age category of the dragon.
Alternate Form (Su): A gold dragon can assume any animal or humanoid form of Medium size or smaller as a standard action three times per day. This ability functions as a polymorph spell cast on itself at its caster level, except that the dragon does not regain hit points for changing form and can only assume the form of an animal or humanoid. The dragon can remain in its animal or humanoid form until it chooses to assume a new one or return to its natural form.
Water Breathing (Ex): A gold dragon can breathe underwater indefinitely and can freely use its breath weapon, spells, and other abilities while submerged (the cone of fire becomes a cone of superheated steam underwater).
Luck Bonus (Sp): Once per day an adult or older gold dragon can touch a gem, usually one embedded in the dragon’s hide, and enspell it to bring good luck. As long as the dragon carries the gem, it and every good creature in a 10-foot radius per age category of the dragon receives a +1 luck bonus on all saving throws and similar rolls, as for a stone of good luck. If the dragon gives an enspelled gem to another creature, only that bearer gets the bonus. The effect lasts 1d3 hours plus 3 hours per age category of the dragon but ends if the gem is destroyed. This ability is the equivalent of a 2nd-level spell.
Detect Gems (Sp): An old or older gold dragon can use this ability three times per day. This is a divination effect similar to a detect magic spell, except that it finds only gems. The dragon can scan a 60-degree arc each round: By concentrating for 1 round it knows if there are any gems within the arc; 2 rounds of concentration reveal the exact number of gems; and 3 rounds reveal their exact location, type, and value. This ability is the equivalent of a 2ndlevel spell.
Other Spell-Like Abilities: 3/day—bless (juvenile or older); 1/day—geas/quest (old or older), sunburst (ancient or older), foresight (great wyrm).
Skills: Disguise, Heal, and Swim are considered class skills for gold dragons.

SILVER DRAGON
Dragon (Cold)
Environment: Temperate mountains
Organization: Wyrmling, very young, young, juvenile, and young adult: solitary or clutch (2–5); adult, mature adult, old, very old, ancient, wyrm, or great wyrm: solitary, pair, or family (1–2 and 2–5 offspring)
Challenge Ratings: Wyrmling 4; very young 5; young 7; juvenile 10; young adult 13; adult 15; mature adult 18; old 20; very old 21; ancient 23; wyrm 24; great wyrm 26
Treasure: Triple standard
Alignment: Always lawful good
Advancement: Wyrmling 8–9 HD; very young 11–12 HD; young 14–15 HD; juvenile 17–18 HD; young adult 20–21 HD; adult 23–24 HD; mature adult 26–27 HD; old 29–30 HD; very old 32–33 HD; ancient 35–36 HD; wyrm 38–39 HD; great wyrm 41+ HD
Level Adjustment: Wyrmling +4; very young +4; young +5; others —

Silver Dragons by Age
Age
Size
Hit Dice (hp)
Str
Dex
Con
Int
Wis
Cha
Base Attack/
Grapple
Attack
Fort Save
Ref Save
Will Save
Breath Weapon (DC)
Frightful Presence DC
Wyrmling
S
7d12+7 (52)
13
10
13
14
15
14
+7/+4
+9
+6
+5
+7
2d8 (14)

Very young
M
10d12+20 (85)
15
10
15
14
15
14
+10/+12
+12
+9
+7
+9
4d8 (17)

Young
M
13d12+26 (110)
17
10
15
16
17
16
+13/+16
+16
+10
+8
+11
6d8 (18)

Juvenile
L
16d12+48 (152)
19
10
17
18
19
18
+16/+24
+19
+13
+10
+14
8d8 (21)

Young adult
L
19d12+76 (199)
23
10
19
18
19
18
+19/+29
+24
+15
+11
+15
10d8 (23)
23
Adult
H
22d12+110 (253)
27
10
21
20
21
20
+22/+38
+28
+18
+13
+18
12d8 (26)
26
Mature adult
H
25d12+125 (287)
29
10
21
20
21
20
+25/+42
+32
+19
+14
+19
14d8 (27)
27
Old
H
28d12+168 (350)
31
10
23
22
23
22
+28/+46
+36
+22
+16
+22
16d8 (30)
30
Very old
H
31d12+186 (387)
33
10
23
24
25
24
+31/+50
+40
+23
+17
+24
18d8 (31)
32
Ancient
G
34d12+238 (459)
35
10
25
26
27
26
+34/+58
+42
+26
+19
+27
20d8 (34)
35
Wyrm
G
37d12+333 (573)
39
10
29
28
29
28
+37/+63
+47
+29
+20
+29
22d8 (37)
37
Great wyrm
C
40d12+400 (660)
43
10
31
30
31
30
+40/+72
+48
+32
+22
+32
24d8 (40)
40

Silver Dragon Abilities by Age
Age
Speed
Initiative
AC
Special Abilities
Caster Level
SR
Wyrmling
40 ft., fly 100 ft. (average)
+0
17 (+1 size, +6 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 17
Alternate form, immunity to acid and cold, cloudwalking, vulnerability to fire


Very young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
19 (+9 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 19



Young
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
22 (+12 natural), touch 10, flat-footed 22

1st

Juvenile
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
24 (–1 size, +15 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 24
Feather fall
3rd

Young adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
27 (–1 size, +18 natural), touch 9, flat-footed 27
DR 5/magic
5th
20
Adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
29 (–2 size, +21 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 29
Fog cloud
7th
22
Mature adult
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
32 (–2 size, +24 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 32
DR 10/magic
9th
24
Old
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
35 (–2 size, +27 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 35
Control winds
11th
26
Very old
40 ft., fly 150 ft. (poor)
+0
38 (–2 size, +30 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 38
DR 15/magic
13th
27
Ancient
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
39 (–4 size, +33 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 39
Control weather
15th
29
Wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
42 (–4 size, +36 natural), touch 6, flat-footed 42
DR 20/magic
17th
30
Great wyrm
40 ft., fly 200 ft. (clumsy)
+0
41 (–8 size, +39 natural), touch 2, flat-footed 41
Reverse gravity
19th
32
*Can also cast cleric spells and those from the Air, Good, Law, and Sun domains as arcane spells.
A silver wyrmling’s scales are blue-gray with silver highlights. As the dragon approaches adulthood, its color gradually brightens until the individual scales are scarcely visible.
Combat
Silver dragons are not violent and avoid combat except when faced with highly evil or aggressive foes. If necessary, they use fog cloud or control weather to blind or confuse opponents before attacking. When angry, they use reverse gravity to fling enemies helplessly into the air, where they can be snatched. Against flying opponents, a silver dragon hides in clouds (creating some with control weather on clear days), then jumps to the attack when it has the advantage.
Breath Weapon (Su): A silver dragon has two types of breath weapon, a cone of cold and a cone of paralyzing gas. Creatures within a cone of paralyzing gas must succeed on a Fortitude save or be paralyzed for 1d6 rounds plus 1 round per age category of the dragon.
Alternate Form (Su): A silver dragon can assume any animal or humanoid form of Medium size or smaller as a standard action three times per day. This ability functions as a polymorph spell cast on itself at its caster level, except that the dragon does not regain hit points for changing form and can only assume the form of an anirmal or humanoid. The dragon can remain in its animal or humanoid form until it chooses to assume a new one or return to its natural form.
Cloudwalking (Su): A silver dragon can tread on clouds or fog as though on solid ground. The ability functions continuously but can be negated or resumed at will.
Spell-Like Abilities: 3/day—fog cloud (adult or older), control winds (old or older); 2/day—feather fall (juvenile or older); 1/day— control weather (ancient or older), reverse gravity (great wyrm).
Skills: Bluff, Disguise, and Jump are considered class skills for silver dragons.

DRAGON TURTLE

Huge Dragon (Aquatic)
Hit Dice:
12d12+60 (138 hp)
Initiative:
+0
Speed:
20 ft. (4 squares), swim 30 ft.
Armor Class:
25 (–2 size, +17 natural), touch 8, flat-footed 25
Base Attack/Grapple:
+12/+28
Attack:
Bite +18 melee (4d6+8)
Full Attack:
Bite +18 melee (4d6+8) and 2 claws +13 melee (2d8+4)
Space/Reach:
15 ft./10 ft.
Special Attacks:
Breath weapon, snatch, capsize
Special Qualities:
Darkvision 60 ft., immunity to fire, sleep, and paralysis, low-light vision, scent
Saves:
Fort +13, Ref +8, Will +9
Abilities:
Str 27, Dex 10, Con 21, Int 12, Wis 13, Cha 12
Skills:
Diplomacy +3, Hide +7*, Intimidate +16, Listen +16, Search +16, Sense Motive +16, Spot +16, Survival +16 (+18 following tracks), Swim +21
Feats:
Blind-Fight, Cleave, Improved Bull Rush, Power Attack, Snatch
Environment:
Temperate aquatic
Organization:
Solitary
Challenge Rating:
9
Treasure:
Triple standard
Alignment:
Usually neutral
Advancement:
13–24 HD (Huge); 25–36 HD (Gargantuan)
Level Adjustment:

Its rough, deep green shell is much the same color as the deep water the monster favors, and the silver highlights that line the shell resemble light dancing on open water. The turtle’s legs, tail, and head are a lighter green, flecked with golden highlights. An adult dragon turtle can measure from 20 to 30 feet from snout to tail, with a shell from 15 to 25 feet in diameter, and can weigh 8,000 to 32,000 pounds.
Dragon turtles speak Aquan, Draconic, and Common.
COMBAT
Dragon turtles are fierce fighters and generally attack any creature that threatens their territory or looks like a potential meal.
Breath Weapon (Su): Cloud of superheated steam 20 feet high, 25 feet wide, and 50 feet long, once every 1d4 rounds, damage 12d6 fire, Reflex DC 21 half; effective both on the surface and underwater. The save DC is Constitution-based.
Capsize (Ex): A submerged dragon turtle that surfaces under a boat or ship less than 20 feet long capsizes the vessel 95% of the time. It has a 50% chance to capsize a vessel from 20 to 60 feet long and a 20% chance to capsize one over 60 feet long.
Skills: A dragon turtle has a +8 racial bonus on any Swim check to perform some special action or avoid a hazard. It can always choose to take 10 on a Swim check, even if distracted or endangered.
It can use the run action while swimming, provided it swims in a straight line.
*Dragon turtles have a +8 racial bonus on Hide checks when submerged.

DRAGONNE

Large Magical Beast
Hit Dice:
9d10+27 (76 hp)
Initiative:
+6
Speed:
40 ft. (8 squares), fly 30 ft. (poor)
Armor Class:
18 (–1 size, +2 Dex, +7 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 16
Base Attack/Grapple:
+9/+17
Attack:
Bite +12 melee (2d6+4)
Full Attack:
Bite +12 melee (2d6+4) and 2 claws +7 melee (2d4+2)
Space/Reach:
10 ft./5 ft.
Special Attacks:
Pounce, roar
Special Qualities:
Darkvision 60 ft., low-light vision, scent
Saves:
Fort +9, Ref +8, Will +4
Abilities:
Str 19, Dex 15, Con 17, Int 6, Wis 12, Cha 12
Skills:
Listen +11, Spot +11
Feats:
Blind-Fight, Combat Reflexes, Improved Initiative, Track
Environment:
Temperate deserts
Organization:
Solitary, pair, or pride (5–10)
Challenge Rating:
7
Treasure:
Double standard
Alignment:
Usually neutral
Advancement:
10–12 HD (Large); 13–27 HD (Huge)
Level Adjustment:
+4 (cohort)
A dragonne possesses huge claws and fangs, and large eyes, usually the color of its scales. A dragonne is about 12 feet long and weighs about 700 pounds.
Dragonnes speak Draconic.
COMBAT
A dragonne’s wings are useful only for short flights, carrying the creature for 10 to 30 minutes at a time. Nevertheless, it uses its wings effectively in battle. If opponents attempt to charge or encircle it, the dragonne simply takes to the air and finds a more defensible position.
Pounce (Ex): If a dragonne charges, it can make a full attack in the same round.
Roar (Su): A dragonne can loose a devastating roar every 1d4 rounds. All creatures except dragonnes within 120 feet must succeed on a DC 15 Will save or become fatigued. Those within 30 feet who fail their saves become exhausted. The save DC is Charisma-based.
Skills: Dragonnes have a +4 racial bonus on Listen and Spot checks.
Carrying Capacity: A light load for a dragonne is up to 348 pounds; a medium load, 349–699 pounds, and a heavy load, 700–1,050 pounds.

DRIDER


Large Aberration
Hit Dice:
6d8+18 (45 hp)
Initiative:
+2
Speed:
30 ft. (6 squares), climb 15 ft.
Armor Class:
17 (–1 size, +2 Dex, +6 natural), touch 11, flat-footed 15
Base Attack/Grapple:
+4/+10
Attack:
Dagger +5 melee (1d6+2/19–20) or bite +6 melee (1d4+1 plus poison) or shortbow +5 ranged (1d8/x3)
Full Attack:
2 daggers +3 melee (1d6+2/19–20, 1d6+1/19–20) and bite +1 melee (1d4+1 plus poison); or shortbow +5 ranged (1d8/x3)
Space/Reach:
10 ft./5 ft.
Special Attacks:
Spells, spell-like abilities, poison
Special Qualities:
Darkvision 60 ft., spell resistance 17
Saves:
Fort +5, Ref +4, Will +8
Abilities:
Str 15, Dex 15, Con 16, Int 15, Wis 16, Cha 16
Skills:
Climb +14, Concentration +9, Hide +10, Listen +9, Move Silently +12, Spot +9
Feats:
Combat Casting, Two-Weapon Fighting, Weapon Focus (bite)
Environment:
Underground
Organization:
Solitary, pair, or troupe (1–2 plus 7–12 Medium monstrous spiders)
Challenge Rating:
7
Treasure:
Double standard
Alignment:
Always chaotic evil
Advancement:
By character class
Level Adjustment:
+4
Driders speak Elven, Common, and Undercommon.
COMBAT
Driders seldom pass up an opportunity to attack other creatures, especially from ambush. They usually begin with a spell assault and often levitate out of the enemy’s reach.
Poison (Ex): Injury, Fortitude DC 16, initial and secondary damage 1d6 Str. The save DC is Constitution based.
Spell-Like Abilities: 1/day—dancing lights (DC 13), clairaudience/clairvoyance, darkness, detect good, detect law, detect magic, dispel magic, faerie fire, levitate, suggestion (DC 16). Caster level 6th. The save DCs are Charisma-based.
Spells: Driders cast spells as 6th-level clerics, wizards, or sorcerers. Drider clerics can choose from the following domains: Chaos, Destruction, Evil, and Trickery. The typical spells prepared shown here are for a drider sorcerer.
Typical Sorcerer Spells Known (6/7/6/4, base save DC 13 + spell level): 0—daze, detect magic, ghost sound, mage hand, ray of frost, read magic, resistance; 1st—mage armor, magic missile, ray of enfeeblement, silent image; 2nd— invisibility, web; 3rd—lightning bolt.
Skills: A drider has a +4 racial bonus on Hide and Move Silently checks. It has a +8 racial bonus on Climb checks and can always choose to take 10 on a Climb check, even if rushed or threatened.

DRYAD

Medium Fey
Hit Dice:
4d6 (14 hp)
Initiative:
+4
Speed:
30 ft. (6 squares)
Armor Class:
17 (+4 Dex, +3 natural), touch 14, flat-footed 13
Base Attack/Grapple:
+2/+2
Attack:
Dagger +6 melee (1d4/19–20) or masterwork longbow +7 ranged (1d8/x3)
Full Attack:
Dagger +6 melee (1d4/19–20) or masterwork longbow +7 ranged (1d8/x3)
Space/Reach:
5 ft./5 ft.
Special Attacks:
Spell-like abilities
Special Qualities:
Damage reduction 5/cold iron, tree dependent, wild empathy
Saves:
Fort +3, Ref +8, Will +6
Abilities:
Str 10, Dex 19, Con 11, Int 14, Wis 15, Cha 18
Skills:
Escape Artist +11, Handle Animal +11, Hide +11, Knowledge (nature) +11, Listen +9, Move Silently +11, Ride +6, Spot +9, Survival +9, Use Rope +4 (+6 with bindings)
Feats:
Great Fortitude, Weapon Finesse
Environment:
Temperate forests
Organization:
Solitary or grove (4–7)
Challenge Rating:
3
Treasure:
Standard
Alignment:
Usually chaotic good
Advancement:
By character class
Level Adjustment:

A dryad’s delicate features are much like a female elf ’s, though her flesh is like bark or fine wood, and her hair is like a canopy of leaves that changes color with the seasons.
Although they are generally solitary, up to seven dryads have been encountered in one place on rare occasions.
Dryads speak Common, Elven, and Sylvan.
COMBAT
Shy, intelligent, and resolute, dryads are as elusive as they are alluring—they avoid physical combat and are rarely seen unless they wish to be. If threatened, or in need of an ally, a dryad uses charm person or suggestion, attempting to gain control of the attacker(s) who could help the most against the rest. Any attack on her tree, however, provokes the dryad into a frenzied defense.
Spell-Like Abilities: At will—entangle (DC 13), speak with plants, tree shape; 3/day— charm person (DC 13), deep slumber (DC 15), tree stride; 1/day—suggestion (DC 15). Caster level 6th. The save DCs are Wisdom-based.
Tree Dependent (Su): Each dryad is mystically bound to a single, enormous oak tree and must never stray more than 300 yards from it. Any who do become ill and die within 4d6 hours. A dryad’s oak does not radiate magic.
Wild Empathy (Ex): This power works like the druid’s wild empathy class feature, except that the dryad has a +6 racial bonus on the check.

DWARF

Dwarf, 1st-Level Warrior
Duergar, 1st-Level Warrior

Medium Humanoid (Dwarf)
Medium Humanoid (Dwarf)
Hit Dice:
1d8+2 (6 hp)
1d8+5 (9 hp)
Initiative:
+0
+0
Speed:
20 ft. in scale mail (4 squares); base speed 20 ft.
20 ft. in chainmail (4 squares); base speed 20 ft.
Armor Class:
16 (+4 scale mail, +2 heavy shield), touch 10, flat-footed 16
17 (+5 chainmail, +2 heavy shield), touch 10, flat-footed 17
Base Attack/Grapple:
+1/+2
+1/+2
Attack:
Dwarven waraxe +3 melee (1d10+1/x3) or shortbow +1 ranged (1d6/x3)
Warhammer +2 melee (1d8+1/x3) or light crossbow +1 ranged (1d8/19–20)
Full Attack:
Dwarven waraxe +3 melee (1d10+1/x3) or shortbow +1 ranged (1d6/x3)
Warhammer +2 melee (1d8+1/x3) or light crossbow +1 ranged (1d8/19–20)
Space/Reach:
5 ft./5 ft.
5 ft./5 ft.
Special Attacks:
Dwarf traits
Duergar traits, spell-like abilities
Special Qualities:
Darkvision 60 ft., dwarf traits
Darkvision 60 ft., duergar traits
Saves:
Fort +4*, Ref +0*, Will –1*
Fort +4*, Ref +0*, Will –1*
Abilities:
Str 13, Dex 11, Con 14, Int 10, Wis 9, Cha 6
Str 13, Dex 11, Con 14, Int 10, Wis 9, Cha 4
Skills:
Appraise +2, Craft (blacksmithing) +2, Craft (stonemasonry) +2, Listen +2, Spot +2
Appraise +2, Craft (blacksmithing) +2, Craft (stonemasonry) +2, Listen +3, Move Silently –4, Spot +2
Feats:
Weapon Focus (dwarven waraxe)
Toughness
Environment:
Temperate mountains
(Deep: Underground)
Underground
Organization:
Team (2–4), squad (11–20 plus 2 3rd-level sergeants and 1 leader of 3rd–6th level), or clan (30–100 plus 30% noncombatants plus 1 3rd-level sergeant per 10 adults, 5 5th-level lieutenants, and 3 7th-level captains)
Team (2–4), squad (9–16 plus 3 3rd-level sergeants and 1 leader of 3rd–8th level) or clan (20–80 plus 25% noncombatants plus 1 3rd-level sergeant per 5 adults, 3–6 6th-level lieutenants, and 1–4 9th-level captains)
Challenge Rating:
½
1
Treasure:
Standard coins; double goods; standard items
Standard coins, double goods, standard items
Alignment:
Often lawful good
(Deep: Usually lawful neutral or neutral)
Often lawful evil
Advancement:
By character class
By character class
Level Adjustment:
+0
+1
Dwarves favor earth tones in their clothing and prefer simple and functional garb. The skin can be very dark, but it is always some shade of tan or brown. Hair color can be black, gray, or brown. Dwarves average 4 feet tall and weigh as much as adult humans.
Dwarves speak Dwarven. Most who travel outside dwarven lands (as traders, mercenaries, or adventurers) know the Common tongue, while warriors in the dwarven cities usually learn Goblin to better interrogate and spy on those evil denizens of the deep caves.
Most dwarves encountered outside their home are warriors.
COMBAT
Dwarves are experts in combat, effectively using their environment and executing well-planned group attacks. They rarely use magic in fights, since they have few wizards or sorcerers (but dwarven clerics throw themselves into battle as heartily as their fellow warriors). If they have time to prepare, they may build deadfalls or other traps involving stone. In addition to the dwarven waraxe and thrown hammer, dwarves also use warhammers, picks, shortbows, heavy crossbows, and maces.
Dwarf Traits (Ex): Dwarves possess the following racial traits.
— +2 Constitution, –2 Charisma.
—Medium size.
—A dwarf ’s base land speed is 20 feet. However, dwarves can move at this speed even when wearing medium or heavy armor or when carrying a medium or heavy load.
—Darkvision out to to 60 feet.
—Stonecunning: This ability grants a dwarf a +2 racial bonus on Search checks to notice unusual stonework, such as sliding walls, stonework traps, new construction (even when built to match the old), unsafe stone surfaces, shaky stone ceilings, and the like. Something that isn’t stone but that is disguised as stone also counts as unusual stonework. A dwarf who merely comes within 10 feet of unusual stonework can make a Search check as if he were actively searching, and a dwarf can use the Search skill to find stonework traps as a rogue can. A dwarf can also intuit depth, sensing his approximate depth underground as naturally as a human can sense which way is up. Dwarves have a sixth sense about stonework, an innate ability that they get plenty of opportunity to practice and hone in their underground homes.
—Weapon Familiarity: Dwarves treat dwarven waraxes and dwarven urgroshes as martial weapons, rather than exotic weapons.
—Stability: Dwarves are exceptionally stable on their feet. A dwarf has a +4 bonus on ability checks made to resist being bull rushed or tripped when standing on the ground (but not when climbing, flying, riding, or otherwise not standing firmly on the ground).
— +2 racial bonus on saving throws against poison. *Not reflected in the saving throw numbers given here.
— +2 racial bonus on saving throws against spells and spell-like effects. *Not reflected in the saving throw numbers given here.
— +1 racial bonus on attack rolls against orcs (including halforcs) and goblinoids (including goblins, hobgoblins, and bugbears).
— +4 dodge bonus to Armor Class against creatures of the giant type (such as ogres, trolls, and hill giants).
— +2 racial bonus on Appraise checks that are related to stone or metal items.
— +2 racial bonus on Craft checks that are related to stone or metal.
—Automatic Languages: Common, Dwarven. Bonus Languages: Giant, Gnome, Goblin, Orc, Terran, Undercommon.
—Favored Class: Fighter.
The dwarf warrior presented here had the following ability scores before racial adjustments: Str 13, Dex 11, Con 12, Int 10, Wis 9, Cha 8.
SUBRACES
The information above is for hill dwarves, the most common variety.
There are three other major dwarven subraces, which differ from hill dwarves as follows.
Deep Dwarf
These dwarves live far underground and tend to be more standoffish with non-dwarves.
Deep dwarves are the same height as other dwarves, but leaner. Their skin sometimes has a reddish tinge, and their large eyes lack the brightness of those of their kindred, being a washed-out blue. Their hair color ranges from bright red to straw blond. They have little contact with surface dwellers, relying on hill dwarves or mountain dwarves to trade goods for them.
Deep dwarves speak Dwarven and Goblin, and occasionally Draconic or Undercommon.
Deep Dwarf Traits (Ex): These traits are in addition to the hill dwarf traits, except where noted.
—Racial bonus on saves against spells and spell-like abilities increases to +3.
—Racial bonus on Fortitude saves against poisons increases to +3.
—Darkvision out to 90 feet.
—Light Sensitivity: Deep dwarves are dazzled in bright sunlight or within the radius of a daylight spell.
Duergar
Sometimes called gray dwarves, these evil beings dwell in the underground.
Most duergar are bald (even the females), and they dress in drab clothing that is designed to blend into stone. In their lairs they may wear jewelry, but it is always kept dull. They war with other dwarves, even allying with other underground creatures from time to time.
Duergar speak Dwarven and Undercommon.
Duergar Traits (Ex): These traits are in addition to the hill dwarf traits, except where noted.
— –4 Charisma instead of –2.
—Darkvision out to 120 feet.
—Immunity to paralysis, phantasms, and poison. This trait replaces the hill dwarf ’s +2 racial bonus on saving throws against poison.
— +2 racial bonus on saves against spells and spell-like abilities.
—Spell-Like Abilities: 1/day—enlarge person and invisibility as a wizard of twice the duergar’s class level (minimum caster level 3rd); these abilities affect only the duergar and whatever it carries.
—Light Sensitivity: Duergar are dazzled in bright sunlight or within the radius of a daylight spell.
— +4 racial bonus on Move Silently checks.
— +1 racial bonus on Listen and Spot checks.
—Automatic Languages: Common, Dwarven, Undercommon.
Bonus Languages: Draconic, Giant, Goblin, Orc, Terran. This trait replaces the hill dwarf ’s automatic and bonus languages.
—Favored Class: Fighter.
—Level adjustment +1
—Unlike other dwarves, duergar do not have weapon familiarity with the dwarven waraxe and dwarven urgrosh.
The duergar warrior presented here had the following ability scores before racial adjustments: Str 13, Dex 11, Con 12, Int 10, Wis 9, Cha 8.
Challenge Rating: Duergar with levels in NPC classes have a CR equal to their character level. Duergar with levels in PC classes have a CR equal to their character level +1.
Mountain Dwarf
Mountain dwarves live deeper under the mountains than hill dwarves but generally not as far underground as deep dwarves. They average about 4-1/2 feet tall and have lighter skin and hair than hill dwarves, but the same general appearance.